2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 9

Revision as of 19:34, 3 March 2015 by Burunduchok (talk | contribs) (Problem)

Problem

A box contains 2 red marbles, 2 green marbles, and 2 yellow marbles. Carol takes 2 marbles from the box at random; then Claudia takes 2 of the remaining marbles at random; and then Cheryl takes the last 2 marbles. What is the probability that Cheryl gets 2 marbles of the same color?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{10} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{6} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{5} \qquad\textbf{(D)}}\ \frac{1}{3} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac12$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Extra }, or forgotten $.)

Solution 1

If Cheryl gets two marbles of the same color, then Claudia and Carol must take all four marbles of the two other colors. The probability of this happening, given that Cheryl has two marbles of a certian color is $\frac{4}{6} * \frac{3}{5} * \frac{2}{4} * \frac{1}{3} = \frac{1}{15}$. Since there are three different colors, our final probability is $3 * \frac{1}{15} = \frac{1}{5} \textbf{ (C)}$.

Solution 2

The order of the girls' drawing the balls really does not matter. Thus, we can let Cheryl draw first, so after she draws one ball, the other must be of the same color. Thus, the answer is $\frac{1}{5} \textbf{ (C)}$.

See Also

2015 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 8
Followed by
Problem 10
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All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions
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