Difference between revisions of "2015 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 23"

 
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{{duplicate|[[2015 AMC 12B Problems|2015 AMC 12B #23]] and [[2015 AMC 10B Problems|2015 AMC 10B #25]]}}
 
==Problem==
 
==Problem==
{{duplicate|[[2015 AMC 12B Problems|2015 AMC 12B #23]] and [[2015 AMC 10B Problems|2015 AMC 10B #25]]}}
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A rectangular box measures <math>a \times b \times c</math>, where <math>a</math>, <math>b</math>, and <math>c</math> are integers and <math>1\leq a \leq b \leq c</math>. The volume and the surface area of the box are numerically equal. How many ordered triples <math>(a,b,c)</math> are possible?
 
A rectangular box measures <math>a \times b \times c</math>, where <math>a</math>, <math>b</math>, and <math>c</math> are integers and <math>1\leq a \leq b \leq c</math>. The volume and the surface area of the box are numerically equal. How many ordered triples <math>(a,b,c)</math> are possible?
  
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This is also AMC 10B Problem 25, but the pages are separate. Someone should fix this.
 
This is also AMC 10B Problem 25, but the pages are separate. Someone should fix this.
 
EDIT: fixed it, but someone help with the link
 
EDIT: fixed it, but someone help with the link
 +
 
EDIT #2: fixed all
 
EDIT #2: fixed all
  

Latest revision as of 00:17, 18 January 2021

The following problem is from both the 2015 AMC 12B #23 and 2015 AMC 10B #25, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

A rectangular box measures $a \times b \times c$, where $a$, $b$, and $c$ are integers and $1\leq a \leq b \leq c$. The volume and the surface area of the box are numerically equal. How many ordered triples $(a,b,c)$ are possible?

$\textbf{(A)}\; 4 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\; 10 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\; 12 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\; 21 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\; 26$

Solution

We need \[abc = 2(ab+bc+ac) \quad \text{ or } \quad (a-2)bc = 2a(b+c).\] Since $ab, ac \le bc$, we get $abc \le 6bc$. Thus $a\le 6$. From the second equation we see that $a > 2$. Thus $a\in \{3, 4, 5, 6\}$.

  • If $a=3$ we need $bc = 6(b+c) \Rightarrow (b-6)(c-6)=36$. We get five roots $\{(3, 7, 42), (3, 8, 24), (3,9,18), (3, 10, 15), (3,12,12)\}.$
  • If $a=4$ we need $bc = 4(b+c) \Rightarrow (b-4)(c-4)=16$. We get three roots $\{(4,5,20), (4,6,12), (4,8,8)\}$.
  • If $a=5$ we need $3bc = 10(b+c)$, which is the same as $9bc=30(b+c)\Rightarrow (3b-10)(3c-10)=100$. We get only one root (corresponding to $100=5\cdot 20$) $(5,5,10)$.
  • If $a=6$ we need $4bc = 12(b+c)$. Then $(b-3)(c-3)=9$. We get one root $(6,6,6)$.

Thus, there are $5+3+1+1 = \boxed{\textbf{(B)}\; 10}$ solutions.

Solution 2

The surface area is $2(ab+bc+ca)$, and the volume is $abc$, so equating the two yields

\[2(ab+bc+ca)=abc.\]

Divide both sides by $2abc$ to obtain \[\frac{1}{a}+\frac{1}{b}+\frac{1}{c}=\frac{1}{2}.\]

First consider the bound of the variable $a$. Since $\frac{1}{a}<\frac{1}{a}+\frac{1}{b}+\frac{1}{c}=\frac{1}{2},$ we have $a>2$, or $a\geqslant3$.

Also note that $c \geq b \geq a > 0$, hence $\frac{1}{a} \geq \frac{1}{b}  \geq \frac{1}{c}$. Thus, $\frac{1}{2}=\frac{1}{a}+\frac{1}{b}+\frac{1}{c} \leq \frac{3}{a}$, so $a \leq 6$.

So we have $a=3, 4, 5$ or $6$.

Before the casework, let's consider the possible range for $b$ if $\frac{1}{b}+\frac{1}{c}=k>0$. From $\frac{1}{b}<k$, we have $b>\frac{1}{k}$. From $\frac{2}{b} \geq \frac{1}{b}+\frac{1}{c}=k$, we have $b \leq \frac{2}{k}$. Thus $\frac{1}{k}<b \leq \frac{2}{k}$.

When $a=3$, we get $\frac{1}{b}+\frac{1}{c}=\frac{1}{6}$, so $b=7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12$. We find the solutions $(a, b, c)=(3, 7, 42)$, $(3, 8, 24)$, $(3, 9, 18)$, $(3, 10, 15)$, $(3, 12, 12)$, for a total of $5$ solutions.

When $a=4$, we get $\frac{1}{b}+\frac{1}{c}=\frac{1}{4}$, so $b=5, 6, 7, 8$. We find the solutions $(a, b, c)=(4, 5, 20)$, $(4, 6, 12)$, $(4, 8, 8)$, for a total of $3$ solutions.

When $a=5$, we get $\frac{1}{b}+\frac{1}{c}=\frac{3}{10}$, so $b=5, 6$. The only solution in this case is $(a, b, c)=(5, 5, 10)$.

When $a=6$, $b$ is forced to be $6$, and thus $(a, b, c)=(6, 6, 6)$.

Thus, there are $5+3+1+1 = \boxed{\textbf{(B)}\; 10}$ solutions.

Note

This is also AMC 10B Problem 25, but the pages are separate. Someone should fix this. EDIT: fixed it, but someone help with the link

EDIT #2: fixed all

See Also

2015 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 24
Followed by
Last Question
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2015 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 22
Followed by
Problem 24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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