Difference between revisions of "2015 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 6"
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<math>\textbf{(A)}\; 0.21 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\; 0.25 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\; 0.46 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\; 0.50 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\; 0.75</math> | <math>\textbf{(A)}\; 0.21 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\; 0.25 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\; 0.46 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\; 0.50 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\; 0.75</math> | ||
− | ==Solution== | + | ==Solution 1== |
+ | There are a total of <math>(12+1) \times (12+1) = 169</math> products, and a product is odd if and only if both its factors are odd. There are <math>6</math> odd numbers between <math>0</math> and <math>12</math>, namely <math>1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11,</math> hence the number of odd products is <math>6 \times 6 = 36</math>. Therefore the answer is <math>36/169 \doteq \boxed{\textbf{(A)} \, 0.21}</math>. | ||
+ | ==Solution 2== | ||
+ | Note that if we had an <math>11</math> by <math>11</math> multiplication table, the fraction of odd products becomes <math>0.25</math>. If we add the <math>12</math> by <math>12</math>, the fraction of odd products decreases. Because <math>0.21</math> is the only option less than <math>0.25</math>, our answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(A)} \, 0.21}</math>. | ||
==See Also== | ==See Also== | ||
{{AMC12 box|year=2015|ab=B|num-a=7|num-b=5}} | {{AMC12 box|year=2015|ab=B|num-a=7|num-b=5}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Latest revision as of 19:51, 18 January 2019
Contents
Problem
Back in 1930, Tillie had to memorize her multiplication facts from to . The multiplication table she was given had rows and columns labeled with the factors, and the products formed the body of the table. To the nearest hundredth, what fraction of the numbers in the body of the table are odd?
Solution 1
There are a total of products, and a product is odd if and only if both its factors are odd. There are odd numbers between and , namely hence the number of odd products is . Therefore the answer is .
Solution 2
Note that if we had an by multiplication table, the fraction of odd products becomes . If we add the by , the fraction of odd products decreases. Because is the only option less than , our answer is .
See Also
2015 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 5 |
Followed by Problem 7 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
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