2015 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 18

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An arithmetic sequence is a sequence in which each term after the first is obtained by adding a constant to the previous term. For example, $2,5,8,11,14$ is an arithmetic sequence with five terms, in which the first term is $2$ and the constant added is $3$. Each row and each column in this $5\times5$ array is an arithmetic sequence with five terms. What is the value of $X$?

$\textbf{(A) }21\qquad\textbf{(B) }31\qquad\textbf{(C) }36\qquad\textbf{(D) }40\qquad \textbf{(E) }42$

[asy] size(3.85cm); label("$X$",(2.5,2.1),N); for (int i=0; i<=5; ++i) draw((i,0)--(i,5), linewidth(.5));  for (int j=0; j<=5; ++j) draw((0,j)--(5,j), linewidth(.5)); void draw_num(pair ll_corner, int num)  { label(string(num), ll_corner + (0.5, 0.5), p = fontsize(19pt)); }  draw_num((0,0), 17); draw_num((4, 0), 81);  draw_num((0, 4), 1);  draw_num((4,4), 25);   void foo(int x, int y, string n) { label(n, (x+0.5,y+0.5), p = fontsize(19pt)); }  foo(2, 4, " "); foo(3, 4, " "); foo(0, 3, " "); foo(2, 3, " "); foo(1, 2, " "); foo(3, 2, " "); foo(1, 1, " "); foo(2, 1, " "); foo(3, 1, " "); foo(4, 1, " "); foo(2, 0, " "); foo(3, 0, " "); foo(0, 1, " "); foo(0, 2, " "); foo(1, 0, " "); foo(1, 3, " "); foo(1, 4, " "); foo(3, 3, " "); foo(4, 2, " "); foo(4, 3, " ");   [/asy]

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