Difference between revisions of "2016 AIME II Problems/Problem 3"
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==Solution== | ==Solution== | ||
First, we get rid of logs by taking powers: <math>xyz-3+\log_5 x=2^{5}=32</math>, <math>xyz-3+\log_5 y=3^{4}=81</math>, and <math>(xyz-3+\log_5 z)=4^{4}=256</math>. Adding all the equations up and using the <math>\log {xy}=\log {x}+\log{y}</math> property, we have <math>3xyz+\log_5{xyz} = 378</math>, so we have <math>xyz=125</math>. Solving for <math>x,y,z</math> by substituting <math>125</math> for <math>xyz</math> in each equation, we get <math>\log_5 x=-90, \log_5 y=-41, \log_5 z=134</math>, so adding all the absolute values we have <math>90+41+134=\boxed{265}</math>. | First, we get rid of logs by taking powers: <math>xyz-3+\log_5 x=2^{5}=32</math>, <math>xyz-3+\log_5 y=3^{4}=81</math>, and <math>(xyz-3+\log_5 z)=4^{4}=256</math>. Adding all the equations up and using the <math>\log {xy}=\log {x}+\log{y}</math> property, we have <math>3xyz+\log_5{xyz} = 378</math>, so we have <math>xyz=125</math>. Solving for <math>x,y,z</math> by substituting <math>125</math> for <math>xyz</math> in each equation, we get <math>\log_5 x=-90, \log_5 y=-41, \log_5 z=134</math>, so adding all the absolute values we have <math>90+41+134=\boxed{265}</math>. | ||
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== See also == | == See also == | ||
{{AIME box|year=2016|n=II|num-b=2|num-a=4}} | {{AIME box|year=2016|n=II|num-b=2|num-a=4}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Revision as of 18:54, 18 October 2020
Problem
Let and be real numbers satisfying the system , , , Find the value of .
Solution
First, we get rid of logs by taking powers: , , and . Adding all the equations up and using the property, we have , so we have . Solving for by substituting for in each equation, we get , so adding all the absolute values we have .
See also
2016 AIME II (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 2 |
Followed by Problem 4 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
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