2016 AIME II Problems/Problem 5
Triangle has a right angle at . Its side lengths are pariwise relatively prime positive integers, and its perimeter is . Let be the foot of the altitude to , and for , let be the foot of the altitude to in . The sum . Find .
Note that by counting the area in 2 ways, the first altitude is . By similar triangles, the common ratio is for reach height, so by the geometric series formula, we have . Multiplying by the denominator and expanding, the equation becomes . Cancelling and multiplying by yields , so and . Checking for Pythagorean triples gives and , so
Solution modified/fixed from Shaddoll's solution.