Difference between revisions of "2016 AIME II Problems/Problem 7"

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Squares <math>ABCD</math> and <math>EFGH</math> have a common center at <math>\overline{AB} || \overline{EF}</math>. The area of <math>ABCD</math> is 2016, and the area of <math>EFGH</math> is a smaller positive integer. Square <math>IJKL</math> is constructed so that each of its vertices lies on a side of <math>ABCD</math> and each vertex of <math>EFGH</math> lies on a side of <math>IJKL</math>. Find teh difference between the largest and smallest positive integer values for the area of <math>IJKL</math>.
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Squares <math>ABCD</math> and <math>EFGH</math> have a common center at <math>\overline{AB} || \overline{EF}</math>. The area of <math>ABCD</math> is 2016, and the area of <math>EFGH</math> is a smaller positive integer. Square <math>IJKL</math> is constructed so that each of its vertices lies on a side of <math>ABCD</math> and each vertex of <math>EFGH</math> lies on a side of <math>IJKL</math>. Find the difference between the largest and smallest positive integer values for the area of <math>IJKL</math>.
  
 
==Solution==
 
==Solution==

Revision as of 17:53, 25 April 2016

Squares $ABCD$ and $EFGH$ have a common center at $\overline{AB} || \overline{EF}$. The area of $ABCD$ is 2016, and the area of $EFGH$ is a smaller positive integer. Square $IJKL$ is constructed so that each of its vertices lies on a side of $ABCD$ and each vertex of $EFGH$ lies on a side of $IJKL$. Find the difference between the largest and smallest positive integer values for the area of $IJKL$.

Solution

Letting $AI=a$ and $IB=b$, we have $IJ^{2}=a^{2}+b^{2} \geq 1008$ by CS inequality. Also, since $EFGH||ABCD$, the angles that each square cuts another are equal, so all the triangles are formed by a vertex of a larger square and $2$ adjacent vertices of a smaller square are similar. Therefore, the areas form a geometric progression, so since $2016=12^{2} \cdot 14$, we have the maximum area is $2016 \cdot \dfrac{11}{12} = 1848$ and the minimum area is $1008$, so the desired answer is $1848-1008=\boxed{840}$.

Solution by Shaddoll

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