Difference between revisions of "2016 AIME I Problems/Problem 15"
(Created page with "==Problem == Circles <math>\omega_1</math> and <math>\omega_2</math> intersect at points <math>X</math> and <math>Y</math>. Line <math>\ell</math> is tangent to <math>\omega_...") |
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==Solution== | ==Solution== | ||
− | + | By radical axis theorem <math>AD, XY, BC</math> concur at point <math>E</math>. | |
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+ | Let <math>AB</math> and <math>EY</math> intersect at <math>S</math>. Note that because <math>AXDY</math> and <math>CYXB</math> are cyclic, by Miquel theorem <math>AXBE</math> are cyclic as well. Thus | ||
+ | <cmath>\angle AEX = \angle ABX = \angle XCB = \angle XYB</cmath>and | ||
+ | <cmath>\angle XEB = \angle XAB = \angle XDA = \angle XYA.</cmath>Thus <math>AY // EB</math> and <math>YB // EA</math> so <math>AEBY</math> is a parallelogram. Hence <math>AS = SB</math> and <math>SE = SY</math>. But notice that <math>DXE</math> and <math>EXC</math> are similar by <math>AA</math> Similarity, so <math>XE^2 = XD \cdot XC = 37 \cdot 67</math>. But | ||
+ | <cmath>XE^2 - XY^2 = (XE + XY)(XE - XY) = EY \cdot 2XS = 2SY \cdot 2SX = 4SA^2 = AB^2.</cmath>Hence <math>AB^2 = 47^2 - 37 \cdot 67 = 270.</math> | ||
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==See Also== | ==See Also== | ||
{{AIME box|year=2016|n=I|num-b=14|after=Last Question}} | {{AIME box|year=2016|n=I|num-b=14|after=Last Question}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Revision as of 19:48, 4 March 2016
Problem
Circles and intersect at points and . Line is tangent to and at and , respectively, with line closer to point than to . Circle passes through and intersecting again at and intersecting again at . The three points , , are collinear, , , and . Find .
Solution
By radical axis theorem concur at point .
Let and intersect at . Note that because and are cyclic, by Miquel theorem are cyclic as well. Thus and Thus and so is a parallelogram. Hence and . But notice that and are similar by Similarity, so . But Hence
See Also
2016 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 14 |
Followed by Last Question | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
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