2016 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 17

Revision as of 19:00, 3 February 2016 by Math101010 (talk | contribs) (Created page with "Let <math>N</math> be a positive multiple of <math>5</math>. One red ball and <math>N</math> green balls are arranged in a line in random order. Let <math>P(N)</math> be the p...")
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

Let $N$ be a positive multiple of $5$. One red ball and $N$ green balls are arranged in a line in random order. Let $P(N)$ be the probability that at least $\tfrac{3}{5}$ of the green balls are on the same side of the red ball. Observe that $P(5)=1$ and that $P(N)$ approaches $\tfrac{4}{5}$ as $N$ grows large. What is the sum of the digits of the least value of $N$ such that $P(N) < \tfrac{321}{400}$?

$\textbf{(A) } 12 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 14 \qquad \textbf{(C) }16 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 18 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 20$

Invalid username
Login to AoPS