2016 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 12

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Problem

Two different numbers are selected at random from $\{1, 2, 3, 4, 5\}$ and multiplied together. What is the probability that the product is even?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 0.2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 0.4\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 0.5\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 0.7\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 0.8$

Solution

It will be even if at least one selected number is even, and odd if none are. Using complementary counting, the chance that both are odd is $\frac{\tbinom32}{\tbinom52}=\frac3{10}$, so the answer is $1-0.3$ which is $\textbf{(D)}\ 0.7$.

See Also

2016 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 11
Followed by
Problem 13
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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