Difference between revisions of "2016 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 15"
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==Problem== | ==Problem== | ||
− | All the numbers <math>1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9</math> are written in a <math>3\times3</math> array of squares, one number in each square, in such a way that if two numbers | + | All the numbers <math>1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9</math> are written in a <math>3\times3</math> array of squares, one number in each square, in such a way that if two numbers are consecutive then they occupy squares that share an edge. The numbers in the four corners add up to <math>18</math>. What is the number in the center? |
<math>\textbf{(A)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 7\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 9</math> | <math>\textbf{(A)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 7\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 9</math> | ||
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<cmath>3 4 5</cmath> | <cmath>3 4 5</cmath> | ||
with the numbers <math>1-8</math> around the outsides and <math>9</math> in the middle. We see that the sum of the four corner numbers is <math>16</math>. If we switch <math>7</math> and <math>9</math>, then the corner numbers will add up to <math>18</math> and the consecutive numbers will still be touching each other. The answer is <math>\boxed{7}</math>. | with the numbers <math>1-8</math> around the outsides and <math>9</math> in the middle. We see that the sum of the four corner numbers is <math>16</math>. If we switch <math>7</math> and <math>9</math>, then the corner numbers will add up to <math>18</math> and the consecutive numbers will still be touching each other. The answer is <math>\boxed{7}</math>. | ||
− | + | ==Solution 3== | |
+ | Consecutive numbers share an edge. That means that it is possible to walk from <math>1</math> to <math>9</math> by single steps north, south, east, or west. Consequently, the squares in the diagram with different shades have different parity:<asy>size(4cm); | ||
+ | for(int i=0;i<3;++i)for(int j=0;j<3;++j)filldraw(box((i,j),(i+1,j+1)),gray((i+j)%2*.2+.7));</asy> | ||
+ | But there are only four even numbers in the set, so the five darker squares must contain the odd numbers, which sum to <math>1+3+5+7+9=25</math>. Therefore if the sum of the numbers in the corners is <math>18</math>, the number in the centre must be <math>7</math>, which is answer <math>\textbf{(C)}</math>. | ||
==See Also== | ==See Also== | ||
{{AMC10 box|year=2016|ab=B|num-b=14|num-a=16}} | {{AMC10 box|year=2016|ab=B|num-b=14|num-a=16}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Revision as of 02:43, 22 February 2016
Problem
All the numbers are written in a array of squares, one number in each square, in such a way that if two numbers are consecutive then they occupy squares that share an edge. The numbers in the four corners add up to . What is the number in the center?
Solution 1 - Trial Error
Quick testing shows that is a valid solution. , and the numbers follow the given condition. The center number is found to be . — @adihaya (talk) 12:27, 21 February 2016 (EST)
Solution 2
First let the numbers be with the numbers around the outsides and in the middle. We see that the sum of the four corner numbers is . If we switch and , then the corner numbers will add up to and the consecutive numbers will still be touching each other. The answer is .
Solution 3
Consecutive numbers share an edge. That means that it is possible to walk from to by single steps north, south, east, or west. Consequently, the squares in the diagram with different shades have different parity: But there are only four even numbers in the set, so the five darker squares must contain the odd numbers, which sum to . Therefore if the sum of the numbers in the corners is , the number in the centre must be , which is answer .
See Also
2016 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 14 |
Followed by Problem 16 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.