Difference between revisions of "2016 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 22"

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\textbf{(D)}\ 1140 \qquad
 
\textbf{(D)}\ 1140 \qquad
 
\textbf{(E)}\ 1330</math>
 
\textbf{(E)}\ 1330</math>
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==Solution==
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There are <math>21</math> teams. Any of the <math>\tbinom{21}3=1330</math> sets of three teams must either be a fork (in which one team beat both the others) or a cycle:
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<asy>size(7cm);label("X",(5,5));label("Z",(10,0));label("Y",(0,0));draw((4,4)--(1,1),EndArrow);draw((6,4)--(9,1),EndArrow);
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label("X",(20,5));label("Z",(25,0));label("Y",(15,0));draw((19,4)--(16,1),EndArrow);draw((16,0)--(24,0),EndArrow);draw((24,1)--(21,4),EndArrow);
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</asy>
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But we know that every team beat exactly <math>10</math> other teams, so for each possible <math>X</math> at the head of a fork, there are always exactly <math>\tbinom{10}2</math> choices for <math>Y</math> and <math>Z</math>. Therefore there are <math>21\cdot\tbinom{10}2=945</math> forks, and all the rest must be cycles.
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Thus the answer is <math>1330-945=385</math> which is <math>\textbf{(A)}</math>.
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==See Also==
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{{AMC10 box|year=2016|ab=B|num-b=21|num-a=23}}
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{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 12:08, 21 February 2016

Problem

A set of teams held a round-robin tournament in which every team played every other team exactly once. Every team won $10$ games and lost $10$ games; there were no ties. How many sets of three teams $\{A, B, C\}$ were there in which $A$ beat $B$, $B$ beat $C$, and $C$ beat $A?$

$\textbf{(A)}\ 385 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 665 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 945 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 1140 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 1330$

Solution

There are $21$ teams. Any of the $\tbinom{21}3=1330$ sets of three teams must either be a fork (in which one team beat both the others) or a cycle:

[asy]size(7cm);label("X",(5,5));label("Z",(10,0));label("Y",(0,0));draw((4,4)--(1,1),EndArrow);draw((6,4)--(9,1),EndArrow); label("X",(20,5));label("Z",(25,0));label("Y",(15,0));draw((19,4)--(16,1),EndArrow);draw((16,0)--(24,0),EndArrow);draw((24,1)--(21,4),EndArrow); [/asy] But we know that every team beat exactly $10$ other teams, so for each possible $X$ at the head of a fork, there are always exactly $\tbinom{10}2$ choices for $Y$ and $Z$. Therefore there are $21\cdot\tbinom{10}2=945$ forks, and all the rest must be cycles.

Thus the answer is $1330-945=385$ which is $\textbf{(A)}$.

See Also

2016 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 21
Followed by
Problem 23
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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