Difference between revisions of "2016 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 24"

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==Solution==
 
==Solution==
The numbers are <math>10a+b, 10b+c,</math> and <math>10c+d</math>. Note that only <math>d</math> can be zero, and that <math>a\le b\le c</math>.
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The numbers are <math>10a+b, 10b+c,</math> and <math>10c+d</math>. Note that only <math>d</math> can be zero for the numbers ab, bc, and cd cannot start with a zero and that <math>a\le b\le c</math>.
  
 
To form the sequence, we need <math>(10c+d)-(10b+c)=(10b+c)-(10a+b)</math>. This can be rearranged as <math>10(c-2b+a)=2c-b-d</math>. Notice that since the left-hand side is a multiple of <math>10</math>, the right-hand side can only be <math>0</math> or <math>10</math>. (A value of <math>-10</math> would contradict <math>a\le b\le c</math>.) Therefore we have two cases: <math>a+c-2b=1</math> and <math>a+c-2b=0</math>.
 
To form the sequence, we need <math>(10c+d)-(10b+c)=(10b+c)-(10a+b)</math>. This can be rearranged as <math>10(c-2b+a)=2c-b-d</math>. Notice that since the left-hand side is a multiple of <math>10</math>, the right-hand side can only be <math>0</math> or <math>10</math>. (A value of <math>-10</math> would contradict <math>a\le b\le c</math>.) Therefore we have two cases: <math>a+c-2b=1</math> and <math>a+c-2b=0</math>.

Revision as of 12:54, 27 January 2020

Problem

How many four-digit integers $abcd$, with $a \neq 0$, have the property that the three two-digit integers $ab<bc<cd$ form an increasing arithmetic sequence? One such number is $4692$, where $a=4$, $b=6$, $c=9$, and $d=2$.

$\textbf{(A)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 15\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 16\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 17\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 20$

Solution

The numbers are $10a+b, 10b+c,$ and $10c+d$. Note that only $d$ can be zero for the numbers ab, bc, and cd cannot start with a zero and that $a\le b\le c$.

To form the sequence, we need $(10c+d)-(10b+c)=(10b+c)-(10a+b)$. This can be rearranged as $10(c-2b+a)=2c-b-d$. Notice that since the left-hand side is a multiple of $10$, the right-hand side can only be $0$ or $10$. (A value of $-10$ would contradict $a\le b\le c$.) Therefore we have two cases: $a+c-2b=1$ and $a+c-2b=0$.

Case 1

If $c=9$, then $b+d=8,\ 2b-a=8$, so $5\le b\le 8$. This gives $2593, 4692, 6791, 8890$. If $c=8$, then $b+d=6,\ 2b-a=7$, so $4\le b\le 6$. This gives $1482, 3581, 5680$. If $c=7$, then $b+d=4,\ 2b-a=6$, so $b=4$, giving $2470$. There is no solution for $c=6$. Added together, this gives us $8$ answers for Case 1.

Case 2

This means that the digits themselves are in arithmetic sequence. This gives us $9$ answers, $1234, 1357, 2345, 2468, 3456, 3579, 4567, 5678, 6789$. \[\] Adding the two cases together, we find the answer to be $8+9=$ $\boxed{\textbf{(D) }17}$.

See Also

2016 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 23
Followed by
Problem 25
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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