Difference between revisions of "2016 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 8"

Problem

What is the tens digit of $2015^{2016}-2017?$

$\textbf{(A)}\ 0 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 1 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 3 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 5 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 8$

Solution

Notice that $2015^n$ is congruent to $25\pmod{100}$ when $n$ is even and $75\pmod{100}$ when $n$ is odd. (Check for yourself). Since $2016$ is even, $2015^{2016} \equiv 25\pmod{100}$ and $2015^{2016}-2017 \equiv 25 - 17 \equiv \underline{0}8\pmod{100}$.

So the answer is $\textbf{(A)}\ 0$.

Solution 2

We can also solve this problem by using patterns. Notice that when the powers of $5$ are listed out, you get $25$, $125$ , $625$. This proves that the last $2$ digits of $2015^{2016}$ have to be $25$. Now, looking at $2017$, we see that only the $17$ matters. Subtracting, we get our answer $08$.

Therefore, our answer is $\textbf{(A)}\ 0$.