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# Difference between revisions of "2016 AMC 12A Problems"

 2016 AMC 12A (Answer Key)Printable versions: Wiki • AoPS Resources • PDF Instructions This is a 25-question, multiple choice test. Each question is followed by answers marked A, B, C, D and E. Only one of these is correct. You will receive 6 points for each correct answer, 2.5 points for each problem left unanswered if the year is before 2006, 1.5 points for each problem left unanswered if the year is after 2006, and 0 points for each incorrect answer. No aids are permitted other than scratch paper, graph paper, ruler, compass, protractor and erasers (and calculators that are accepted for use on the test if before 2006. No problems on the test will require the use of a calculator). Figures are not necessarily drawn to scale. You will have 75 minutes working time to complete the test. 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25

## Problem 1

What is the value of $\frac{11!-10!}{9!}$? $\textbf{(A)}\ 99\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 100\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 110\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 121\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 132$

## Problem 2

For what value of $x$ does $10^x\cdot100^{2x}=1000^5$? $\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 5$

## Problem 3

The remainder function can be defined for all real numbers $x$ and $y$ with $y\neq 0$ by $rem(x,y)=x-y\bigg\lfloor \dfrac{x}{y} \bigg\rfloor$,

where $\Big\lfloor \tfrac{x}{y} \Big\rfloor$ denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to $\tfrac{x}{y}$. What is the value of $rem(\tfrac{3}{8} , -\tfrac{2}{5})$ ? $\textbf{(A)}\ -\dfrac{3}{8}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ -\dfrac{1}{40}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 0\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \dfrac{3}{8}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \dfrac{31}{40}$

## Problem 4

The mean, median, and mode of the 7 data values $60, 100, x, 40, 50, 200, 90$ are all equal to $x$. What is the value of $x$? $\textbf{(A)}\ 50\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 60\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 75\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 90\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 100$

## Problem 5

Goldbach's conjecture states that every even integer greater than 2 can be written as the sum of two prime numbers (for example, $2016=13+2003$). So far, no one has been able to prove that the conjecture is true, and no one has found a counterexample to show that the conjecture is false. What would a counterexample consist of? $\textbf{(A)}\ \text{an odd integer greater than } 2 \text{ that can be written as the sum of two prime numbers}\\ \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \text{an odd integer greater than } 2 \text{ that cannot be written as the sum of two prime numbers}\\ \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \text{an even integer greater than } 2 \text{ that can be written as the sum of two numbers that are not prime}\\ \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \text{an even integer greater than } 2 \text{ that can be written as the sum of two prime numbers}\\ \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{an even integer greater than } 2 \text{ that cannot be written as the sum of two prime numbers}$

## Problem 6

A triangular array of 2016 coins in the first row, 2 coins in the second row, 3 coins in the third row, and so on up to $N$ coins in the $N$th row. What is the sum of the digits of $N$ ? $\textbf{(A)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 7\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 10$

## Problem 7

Which of these describes the graph of $x^2(x+y+1)=y^2(x+y+1)$ ? $\textbf{(A)}\ \text{two parallel lines}\\ \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \text{two intersecting lines}\\ \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \text{three lines that all pass through a common point}\\ \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \text{three lines that do not all pass through a comment point}\\ \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{a line and a parabola}$

## Problem 8

What is the area of the shaded reigon of the given $8\times 5$ rectangle?

TODO: Diagram $\textbf{(A)}\ 4\dfrac{3}{4}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 5\dfrac{1}{4}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 6\dfrac{1}{2}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 8$

## Problem 9

The five small shaded squares inside this unit square are congruent and have disjoint interiors. The midpoint of each side of the middle square coincides with one of the vertices of the other four small squares as shown. The common side length is $\tfrac{a-\sqrt{2}}{b}$, where $a$ and $b$ are positive integers. What is $a+b$ ?

TODO: Diagram $\textbf{(A)}\ 7\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 11$

## Problem 10

Five friends sat in a movie theater in a row containing $5$ seats, numbered $1$ to $5$ from left to right. (The directions "left" and "right" are from the point of view of the people as they sit in the seats.) During the movie Ada went to the lobby to get some popcorn. When she returned, she found that Bea had moved two seats to the right, Ceci had moved one seat to the left, and Dee and Edie had switched seats, leaving an end seat for Ada. In which seat had Ada been sitting before she got up? $\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 5$

## Problem 11

Each of the 100 students in a certain summer camp can either sing, dance, or act. Some students have more than one talent, but no student has all three talents. There are 42 students who cannot sing, 65 students who cannot dance, and 29 students who cannot act. How many students have two of these talents? $\textbf{(A)}\ 16\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 25\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 36\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 49\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 64$

## Problem 12

In $\triangle ABC$, $AB = 6$, $BC = 7$, and $CA = 8$. Point $D$ lies on $\overline{BC}$, and $\overline{AD}$ bisects $\angle BAC$. Point $E$ lies on $\overline{AC}$, and $\overline{BE}$ bisects $\angle ABC$. The bisectors intersect at $F$. What is the ratio $AF$ : $FD$?

TODO: Diagram $\textbf{(A)}\ 3:2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 5:3\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2:1\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 7:3\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 5:2$

## Problem 13

Problem text $\textbf{(A)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 14\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 16\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 20$

## Problem 14

Each vertex of a cube is to be labeled with an integer from 1 through 8, with each integer being used once, in such a way that the sum of the four numbers on the vertices of a face is the same for each face. Arrangements that can be obtained from each other through rotations of the cube are considered to be the same. How many different arrangements are possible? $\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 24$

## Problem 15

Problem text $\textbf{(A)}\ thing\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ thing\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ thng\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ thing\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ thing$

## Problem 16

Problem text $\textbf{(A)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 6$

## Problem 17

Problem text $\textbf{(A)}\ thing\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ thing\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ thng\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ thing\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ thing$

## Problem 18

Problem text $\textbf{(A)}\ 110\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 191\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 261\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 325\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 425$

## Problem 19

Problem text $\textbf{(A)}\ thing\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ thing\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ thng\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ thing\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ thing$

## Problem 20

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## Problem 21

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## Problem 22

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## Problem 23

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## Problem 24

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## Problem 25

Let k be a positive integer. Bernardo and Silvia take turns writing and erasing numbers on a blackboard as follows: Bernardo starts by writing the smallest perfect square with $k+1$ digits. Every time Bernardo writes a number, Silvia erases the last k digits of it. Bernardo then writes the next perfect square, Silvia erases the last k digits of it, and this process continues until the last two numbers that remain on the board differ by at least 2. Let $f(k)$ be the smallest positive integer not written on the board. For example, if $k = 1$, then the numbers that Bernardo writes are $16, 25, 36, 49, 64$, and the numbers showing on the board after Silvia erases are $1, 2, 3, 4,$ and $6$, and thus $f(1) = 5$. What is the sum of the digits of $f(2) + f(4)+ f(6) + ... + f(2016)$? $\textbf{(A)}\ 7986\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 8002\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 8030\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 8048\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 8064$