Difference between revisions of "2016 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 12"

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==Problem 12==
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In <math>\triangle ABC</math>, <math>AB = 6</math>, <math>BC = 7</math>, and <math>CA = 8</math>. Point <math>D</math> lies on <math>\overline{BC}</math>, and <math>\overline{AD}</math> bisects <math>\angle BAC</math>. Point <math>E</math> lies on <math>\overline{AC}</math>, and <math>\overline{BE}</math> bisects <math>\angle ABC</math>. The bisectors intersect at <math>F</math>. What is the ratio <math>AF</math> : <math>FD</math>?
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<pre style="color: gray">TODO: Diagram</pre>
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<math>\textbf{(A)}\ 3:2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 5:3\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2:1\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 7:3\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 5:2</math>
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== Solution ==
 
== Solution ==
 
By the angle bisector theorem, <math>\frac{AB}{AE} = \frac{CB}{CE}</math>
 
By the angle bisector theorem, <math>\frac{AB}{AE} = \frac{CB}{CE}</math>
  
 
<math>\frac{6}{AE} = \frac{7}{8 - AE}</math> so <math>AE = \frac{48}{13}</math>
 
<math>\frac{6}{AE} = \frac{7}{8 - AE}</math> so <math>AE = \frac{48}{13}</math>
 
  
 
Similarly, <math>CD = 4</math>.
 
Similarly, <math>CD = 4</math>.

Revision as of 13:16, 4 February 2016

Problem 12

In $\triangle ABC$, $AB = 6$, $BC = 7$, and $CA = 8$. Point $D$ lies on $\overline{BC}$, and $\overline{AD}$ bisects $\angle BAC$. Point $E$ lies on $\overline{AC}$, and $\overline{BE}$ bisects $\angle ABC$. The bisectors intersect at $F$. What is the ratio $AF$ : $FD$?

TODO: Diagram

$\textbf{(A)}\ 3:2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 5:3\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2:1\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 7:3\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 5:2$

Solution

By the angle bisector theorem, $\frac{AB}{AE} = \frac{CB}{CE}$

$\frac{6}{AE} = \frac{7}{8 - AE}$ so $AE = \frac{48}{13}$

Similarly, $CD = 4$.

Now, we use mass points. Assign point $C$ a mass of $1$.

$mC \cdot CD = mB \cdot DB$ , so $mB = \frac{4}{3}$

Similarly, $A$ will have a mass of $\frac{7}{6}$

$mD = mC + mB = 1 + \frac{4}{3} = \frac{7}{3}$

So $\frac{AF}{AD} = \frac{mD}{mA} = \boxed{\textbf{(C)}\; 2 : 1}$

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