2016 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 12
Problem 12
In , , , and . Point lies on , and bisects . Point lies on , and bisects . The bisectors intersect at . What is the ratio : ?
Solution 1
Applying the angle bisector theorem to with being bisected by , we have
Thus, we have
and cross multiplying and dividing by gives us
Since , we can substitute into the former equation. Therefore, we get , so .
Apply the angle bisector theorem again to with being bisected. This gives us
and since and , we have
Cross multiplying and dividing by gives us
and dividing by gives us
Therefore,
Solution 2
By the angle bisector theorem,
so
Similarly, .
Now, we use mass points. Assign point a mass of .
, so
Similarly, will have a mass of
So
Solution 3
Denote as the area of triangle ABC and let be the inradius. Also, as above, use the angle bisector theorem to find that . There are two ways to continue from here:
Note that is the incenter. Then,
Apply the angle bisector theorem on to get
See Also
2016 AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 11 |
Followed by Problem 13 |
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All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
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