2016 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 22

Revision as of 10:36, 12 November 2019 by Firebolt360 (talk | contribs) (Solution 1)

Rectangle $DEFA$ below is a $3 \times 4$ rectangle with $DC=CB=BA$. What is the area of the "bat wings" (shaded area)? [asy] draw((0,0)--(3,0)--(3,4)--(0,4)--(0,0)--(2,4)--(3,0)); draw((3,0)--(1,4)--(0,0)); fill((0,0)--(1,4)--(1.5,3)--cycle, black); fill((3,0)--(2,4)--(1.5,3)--cycle, black); label("$A$",(3.05,4.2)); label("$B$",(2,4.2)); label("$C$",(1,4.2)); label("$D$",(0,4.2)); label("$E$", (0,-0.2)); label("$F$", (3,-0.2)); label("$1$", (0.5, 4), N); label("$1$", (1.5, 4), N); label("$1$", (2.5, 4), N); label("$4$", (3.2, 2), E); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A) }2\qquad\textbf{(B) }2 \frac{1}{2}\qquad\textbf{(C) }3\qquad\textbf{(D) }3 \frac{1}{2}\qquad \textbf{(E) }5$

Solution 1

Draw G in between B and C Draw H, J, K beneath C, G, B respectively . [asy] draw((0,0)--(3,0)--(3,4)--(0,4)--(0,0)--(2,4)--(3,0)); draw((3,0)--(1,4)--(0,0)); fill((0,0)--(1,4)--(1.5,3)--cycle, grey); fill((3,0)--(2,4)--(1.5,3)--cycle, grey); draw((1,0)--(1,4)); draw((1.5,0)--(1.5,4)); draw((2,0)--(2,4)); label("$A$",(3.05,4.2)); label("$B$",(2,4.2)); label("$C$",(1,4.2)); label("$D$",(0,4.2)); label("$E$", (0,-0.2)); label("$F$", (3,-0.2)); label("$G$", (1.5, 4.2)); label("$H$", (1, -0.2)); label("$J$", (1.5, -0.2)); label("$K$", (2, -0.2)); label("$1$", (0.5, 4), N); label("$1$", (2.5, 4), N); label("$4$", (3.2, 2), E); [/asy] Let us take a look at rectangle CDEH. I have labeled E' for convenience. [asy] fill((0,0)--(1,4)--(1,2)--cycle, grey); draw((0,0)--(1,0)--(1,4)--(0,4)--(0,0)); draw((0,0)--(1,4)--(1,2)--(0,0)); label("$C$",(1,4.2)); label("$D$",(0,4.2)); label("$E$", (0,-0.2)); label("$H$", (1, -0.2)); label("$E'$", (1.2, 2)); [/asy] We can clearly see that CEE' has $\frac{1}{4}$ the area of CDEH because it has half the base and the same height. Similarly, the shaded regions in CGJH, BGJK, and ABKF all have $\frac{1}{4}$ the area of their rectangle. So, the total shaded region is just $\frac{1}{4}$ the area of the total region, or $\frac{1}{4} \times 3 \times 4$, or $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }3}$

Solution 2

The area of trapezoid $CBFE$ is $\frac{1+3}2\cdot 4=8$. Next, we find the height of each triangle to calculate their area. The triangles are similar, and are in a $3:1$ ratio by AA similarity (alternate interior and vertical angles) so the height of the larger one is $3,$ while the height of the smaller one is $1.$ Thus, their areas are $\frac12$ and $\frac92$. Subtracting these areas from the trapezoid, we get $8-\frac12-\frac92 =\boxed3$. Therefore, the answer to this problem is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }3}$

Solution 2

Setting coordinates!

Let $E=(0,0)$, $F=(3,0)$

[asy] draw((0,0)--(3,0)--(3,4)--(0,4)--(0,0)--(2,4)--(3,0));  draw((3,0)--(1,4)--(0,0));  fill((0,0)--(1,4)--(1.5,3)--cycle, black);  fill((3,0)--(2,4)--(1.5,3)--cycle, black);  label(scale(0.7)*"$A(3,4)$",(3.25,4.2));  label(scale(0.7)*"$B(2,4)$",(2.1,4.2));  label(scale(0.7)*"$C(1,4)$",(0.9,4.2));  label(scale(0.7)*"$D(0,4)$",(-0.3,4.2));  label(scale(0.7)*"$E(0,0)$", (0,-0.2));  label(scale(0.7)*"$Z(\frac{3}{2},3)$", (1.5,1.8));  label(scale(0.7)*"$F(3,0)$", (3,-0.2));  label(scale(0.7)*"$1$", (0.3, 4), N);  label(scale(0.7)*"$1$", (1.5, 4), N);  label(scale(0.7)*"$1$", (2.7, 4), N);  label(scale(0.7)*"$4$", (3.2, 2), E);  [/asy]

Now, we easily discover that line $CF$ has lattice coordinates at $(1,4)$ and $(3,0)$. Hence, the slope of line $CF=-2$

Plugging in the rest of the coordinate points, we find that line $CF=-2x+6$

Doing the same process to line $BE$, we find that line $BE=2x$.

Hence, setting them equal to find the intersection point...

$y=2x=-2x+6\implies 4x=6\implies x=\frac{3}{2}\implies y=3$.

Hence, we find that the intersection point is $(\frac{3}{2},3)$. Call it Z.

Now, we can see that

$E=(0,0)$

$Z=(\frac{3}{2},3)$

$C=(1,4)$.

Shoelace!

Using the well known [url=https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoelace_formula]Shoelace Formula[/url], we find that the area of one of those small shaded triangles is $\frac{3}{2}$.

Now because there are two of them, we multiple that area by $2$ to get $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }3}$

2016 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 21
Followed by
Problem 23
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