Difference between revisions of "2016 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 23"

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==Problem 23==
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==Problem==
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Two congruent circles centered at points <math>A</math> and <math>B</math> each pass through the other circle's center. The line containing both <math>A</math> and <math>B</math> is extended to intersect the circles at points <math>C</math> and <math>D</math>. The circles intersect at two points, one of which is <math>E</math>. What is the degree measure of <math>\angle CED</math>?
 
Two congruent circles centered at points <math>A</math> and <math>B</math> each pass through the other circle's center. The line containing both <math>A</math> and <math>B</math> is extended to intersect the circles at points <math>C</math> and <math>D</math>. The circles intersect at two points, one of which is <math>E</math>. What is the degree measure of <math>\angle CED</math>?
  
 
<math>\textbf{(A) }90\qquad\textbf{(B) }105\qquad\textbf{(C) }120\qquad\textbf{(D) }135\qquad \textbf{(E) }150</math>
 
<math>\textbf{(A) }90\qquad\textbf{(B) }105\qquad\textbf{(C) }120\qquad\textbf{(D) }135\qquad \textbf{(E) }150</math>
  
==Solution 1==
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==Solutions==
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===Solution 1===
 
Observe that <math>\triangle{EAB}</math> is equilateral. Therefore, <math>m\angle{AEB}=m\angle{EAB}=m\angle{EBA} = 60^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>CD</math> is a straight line, we conclude that <math>m\angle{EBD} = 180^{\circ}-60^{\circ}=120^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>BE=BD</math> (both are radii of the same circle), <math>\triangle{BED}</math> is isosceles, meaning that <math>m\angle{BED}=m\angle{BDE}=30^{\circ}</math>. Similarly, <math>m\angle{AEC}=m\angle{ACE}=30^{\circ}</math>.  
 
Observe that <math>\triangle{EAB}</math> is equilateral. Therefore, <math>m\angle{AEB}=m\angle{EAB}=m\angle{EBA} = 60^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>CD</math> is a straight line, we conclude that <math>m\angle{EBD} = 180^{\circ}-60^{\circ}=120^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>BE=BD</math> (both are radii of the same circle), <math>\triangle{BED}</math> is isosceles, meaning that <math>m\angle{BED}=m\angle{BDE}=30^{\circ}</math>. Similarly, <math>m\angle{AEC}=m\angle{ACE}=30^{\circ}</math>.  
  
 
Now, <math>\angle{CED}=m\angle{AEC}+m\angle{AEB}+m\angle{BED} = 30^{\circ}+60^{\circ}+30^{\circ} = 120^{\circ}</math>. Therefore, the answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}</math>.
 
Now, <math>\angle{CED}=m\angle{AEC}+m\angle{AEB}+m\angle{BED} = 30^{\circ}+60^{\circ}+30^{\circ} = 120^{\circ}</math>. Therefore, the answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}</math>.
  
==Solution 2 (Trig)==
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===Solution 2===
Let <math>r</math> be the radius of both circles (we are given that they are congruent). Let's drop the altitude from <math>E</math> onto segment <math>AB</math> and call the intersection point <math>F</math>. Notice that <math>F</math> is the midpoint of <math>A</math> and <math>B</math>, which means that <math>AF = BF = \frac{r}{2}</math>. Also notice that <math>\triangle{EAB}</math> is equilateral, which means we can use the Pythagorean Theorem to get <math>EF = \frac{r\sqrt{3}}{2}</math>.
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We know that <math>\triangle{EAB}</math> is equilateral, because all of its sides are congruent radii. Because point <math>A</math> is the center of a circle, <math>C</math> is at the border of a circle, and <math>E</math> and <math>B</math> are points on the edge of that circle, <math>m\angle{ECB}=\frac{1}{2}\cdot m\angle{EAB}=\frac{1}{2}\cdot60^{\circ}=30^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>\triangle{CED}</math> is isosceles, angle <math>\angle{CED}=180^{\circ}-2\cdot30^{\circ}=\boxed{\text{(C)}\; 120}</math> degrees -SweetMango77.
  
Now let's apply trigonometry. Let <math>\theta = \angle{CEF}</math>. We can see that <math>\tan\theta = \frac{CF}{EF} = \frac{\frac{3r}{2}}{\frac{r\sqrt{3}}{2}} = \sqrt{3}</math>. This means <math>m\angle{CEF} = \frac{\pi}{3}</math>. However, this is not the answer. The question is asking for <math>m\angle{CED}</math>. Notice that <math>\angle{CEF}\cong\angle{DEF}</math>, which means <math>m\angle{CED} = 2m\angle{CEF}</math>. Thus, <math>\angle{CED} = 2\cdot\frac{\pi}{3} = \frac{2\pi}{3} = 120^{\circ}</math>. Therefore, the answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}</math>.
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==Video Solution==
  
==Video Solution==
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https://youtu.be/NumhAGApJ7c - Happytwin
https://youtu.be/WJ0Hodj0h2o - Happytwin
 
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
{{AMC8 box|year=2016|num-b=22|num-a=24}}
 
{{AMC8 box|year=2016|num-b=22|num-a=24}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 21:36, 16 January 2021

Problem

Two congruent circles centered at points $A$ and $B$ each pass through the other circle's center. The line containing both $A$ and $B$ is extended to intersect the circles at points $C$ and $D$. The circles intersect at two points, one of which is $E$. What is the degree measure of $\angle CED$?

$\textbf{(A) }90\qquad\textbf{(B) }105\qquad\textbf{(C) }120\qquad\textbf{(D) }135\qquad \textbf{(E) }150$

Solutions

Solution 1

Observe that $\triangle{EAB}$ is equilateral. Therefore, $m\angle{AEB}=m\angle{EAB}=m\angle{EBA} = 60^{\circ}$. Since $CD$ is a straight line, we conclude that $m\angle{EBD} = 180^{\circ}-60^{\circ}=120^{\circ}$. Since $BE=BD$ (both are radii of the same circle), $\triangle{BED}$ is isosceles, meaning that $m\angle{BED}=m\angle{BDE}=30^{\circ}$. Similarly, $m\angle{AEC}=m\angle{ACE}=30^{\circ}$.

Now, $\angle{CED}=m\angle{AEC}+m\angle{AEB}+m\angle{BED} = 30^{\circ}+60^{\circ}+30^{\circ} = 120^{\circ}$. Therefore, the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}$.

Solution 2

We know that $\triangle{EAB}$ is equilateral, because all of its sides are congruent radii. Because point $A$ is the center of a circle, $C$ is at the border of a circle, and $E$ and $B$ are points on the edge of that circle, $m\angle{ECB}=\frac{1}{2}\cdot m\angle{EAB}=\frac{1}{2}\cdot60^{\circ}=30^{\circ}$. Since $\triangle{CED}$ is isosceles, angle $\angle{CED}=180^{\circ}-2\cdot30^{\circ}=\boxed{\text{(C)}\; 120}$ degrees -SweetMango77.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/NumhAGApJ7c - Happytwin

See Also

2016 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 22
Followed by
Problem 24
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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