Difference between revisions of "2016 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 23"
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<math>\textbf{(A) }90\qquad\textbf{(B) }105\qquad\textbf{(C) }120\qquad\textbf{(D) }135\qquad \textbf{(E) }150</math> | <math>\textbf{(A) }90\qquad\textbf{(B) }105\qquad\textbf{(C) }120\qquad\textbf{(D) }135\qquad \textbf{(E) }150</math> | ||
− | ==Solution== | + | ==Solution 1== |
Drawing the diagram, we see that <math>\triangle EAB</math> is equilateral as each side is the radius of one of the two circles. Therefore, <math>\overarc{EB}=m\angle EAB-60^\circ</math>. Therefore, since it is an inscribed angle, <math>m\angle ECB=\frac{60^\circ}{2}=30^\circ</math>. So, in <math>\triangle ECD</math>, <math>m\angle ECB=m\angle EDA=30^\circ</math>, and <math>m\angle CED=180^\circ-30^\circ-30^\circ=120^\circ</math>. Our answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}</math>. | Drawing the diagram, we see that <math>\triangle EAB</math> is equilateral as each side is the radius of one of the two circles. Therefore, <math>\overarc{EB}=m\angle EAB-60^\circ</math>. Therefore, since it is an inscribed angle, <math>m\angle ECB=\frac{60^\circ}{2}=30^\circ</math>. So, in <math>\triangle ECD</math>, <math>m\angle ECB=m\angle EDA=30^\circ</math>, and <math>m\angle CED=180^\circ-30^\circ-30^\circ=120^\circ</math>. Our answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}</math>. | ||
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+ | ==Solution 2== | ||
+ | As in Solution 1, observe that <math>\triangle{EAB}</math> is equilateral. Therefore, <math>m\angle{AEB}=m\angle{EAB}=m\angle{EBA} = 60^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>CD</math> is a straight line, we conclude that <math>m\angle{EBD} = 180^{\circ}-60^{\circ}=120^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>BE=BD</math> (both are radii of the same circle), <math>\triangle{BED}</math> is isosceles, meaning that <math>m\angle{BED}=m\angle{BDE}=30^{\circ}</math>. Similarly, <math>m\angle{AEC}=m\angle{ACE}=30^{\circ}</math>. | ||
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+ | Now, <math>\angle{CED}=m\angle{AEC}+m\angle{AEB}+m\angle{BED} = 30^{\circ}+60^{\circ}+30^{\circ} = 120^{\circ}</math>. Therefore, the answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}</math>. | ||
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{{AMC8 box|year=2016|num-b=22|num-a=24}} | {{AMC8 box|year=2016|num-b=22|num-a=24}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Revision as of 00:41, 13 June 2017
Two congruent circles centered at points and each pass through the other circle's center. The line containing both and is extended to intersect the circles at points and . The circles intersect at two points, one of which is . What is the degree measure of ?
Solution 1
Drawing the diagram, we see that is equilateral as each side is the radius of one of the two circles. Therefore, . Therefore, since it is an inscribed angle, . So, in , , and . Our answer is .
Solution 2
As in Solution 1, observe that is equilateral. Therefore, . Since is a straight line, we conclude that . Since (both are radii of the same circle), is isosceles, meaning that . Similarly, .
Now, . Therefore, the answer is .
2016 AMC 8 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 22 |
Followed by Problem 24 | |
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions |
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