Difference between revisions of "2016 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 23"

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<math>\textbf{(A) }90\qquad\textbf{(B) }105\qquad\textbf{(C) }120\qquad\textbf{(D) }135\qquad \textbf{(E) }150</math>
 
<math>\textbf{(A) }90\qquad\textbf{(B) }105\qquad\textbf{(C) }120\qquad\textbf{(D) }135\qquad \textbf{(E) }150</math>
  
==Solution==
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==Solution 1==
 
Drawing the diagram, we see that <math>\triangle EAB</math> is equilateral as each side is the radius of one of the two circles. Therefore, <math>\overarc{EB}=m\angle EAB-60^\circ</math>. Therefore, since it is an inscribed angle, <math>m\angle ECB=\frac{60^\circ}{2}=30^\circ</math>. So, in <math>\triangle ECD</math>, <math>m\angle ECB=m\angle EDA=30^\circ</math>, and <math>m\angle CED=180^\circ-30^\circ-30^\circ=120^\circ</math>. Our answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}</math>.
 
Drawing the diagram, we see that <math>\triangle EAB</math> is equilateral as each side is the radius of one of the two circles. Therefore, <math>\overarc{EB}=m\angle EAB-60^\circ</math>. Therefore, since it is an inscribed angle, <math>m\angle ECB=\frac{60^\circ}{2}=30^\circ</math>. So, in <math>\triangle ECD</math>, <math>m\angle ECB=m\angle EDA=30^\circ</math>, and <math>m\angle CED=180^\circ-30^\circ-30^\circ=120^\circ</math>. Our answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}</math>.
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==Solution 2==
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As in Solution 1, observe that <math>\triangle{EAB}</math> is equilateral. Therefore, <math>m\angle{AEB}=m\angle{EAB}=m\angle{EBA} = 60^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>CD</math> is a straight line, we conclude that <math>m\angle{EBD} = 180^{\circ}-60^{\circ}=120^{\circ}</math>. Since <math>BE=BD</math> (both are radii of the same circle), <math>\triangle{BED}</math> is isosceles, meaning that <math>m\angle{BED}=m\angle{BDE}=30^{\circ}</math>. Similarly, <math>m\angle{AEC}=m\angle{ACE}=30^{\circ}</math>.
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Now, <math>\angle{CED}=m\angle{AEC}+m\angle{AEB}+m\angle{BED} = 30^{\circ}+60^{\circ}+30^{\circ} = 120^{\circ}</math>. Therefore, the answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}</math>.
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{{AMC8 box|year=2016|num-b=22|num-a=24}}
 
{{AMC8 box|year=2016|num-b=22|num-a=24}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 00:41, 13 June 2017

Two congruent circles centered at points $A$ and $B$ each pass through the other circle's center. The line containing both $A$ and $B$ is extended to intersect the circles at points $C$ and $D$. The circles intersect at two points, one of which is $E$. What is the degree measure of $\angle CED$?

$\textbf{(A) }90\qquad\textbf{(B) }105\qquad\textbf{(C) }120\qquad\textbf{(D) }135\qquad \textbf{(E) }150$

Solution 1

Drawing the diagram, we see that $\triangle EAB$ is equilateral as each side is the radius of one of the two circles. Therefore, $\overarc{EB}=m\angle EAB-60^\circ$. Therefore, since it is an inscribed angle, $m\angle ECB=\frac{60^\circ}{2}=30^\circ$. So, in $\triangle ECD$, $m\angle ECB=m\angle EDA=30^\circ$, and $m\angle CED=180^\circ-30^\circ-30^\circ=120^\circ$. Our answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}$.

Solution 2

As in Solution 1, observe that $\triangle{EAB}$ is equilateral. Therefore, $m\angle{AEB}=m\angle{EAB}=m\angle{EBA} = 60^{\circ}$. Since $CD$ is a straight line, we conclude that $m\angle{EBD} = 180^{\circ}-60^{\circ}=120^{\circ}$. Since $BE=BD$ (both are radii of the same circle), $\triangle{BED}$ is isosceles, meaning that $m\angle{BED}=m\angle{BDE}=30^{\circ}$. Similarly, $m\angle{AEC}=m\angle{ACE}=30^{\circ}$.

Now, $\angle{CED}=m\angle{AEC}+m\angle{AEB}+m\angle{BED} = 30^{\circ}+60^{\circ}+30^{\circ} = 120^{\circ}$. Therefore, the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}$.


2016 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 22
Followed by
Problem 24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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