Difference between revisions of "2017 AIME II Problems/Problem 5"

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A set contains four numbers. The six pairwise sums of distinct elements of the set, in no particular order, are <math>189</math>, <math>320</math>, <math>287</math>, <math>234</math>, <math>x</math>, and <math>y</math>. Find the greatest possible value of <math>x+y</math>.
 
A set contains four numbers. The six pairwise sums of distinct elements of the set, in no particular order, are <math>189</math>, <math>320</math>, <math>287</math>, <math>234</math>, <math>x</math>, and <math>y</math>. Find the greatest possible value of <math>x+y</math>.
  
==Solution==
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==Solution 1==
 
Let these four numbers be <math>a</math>, <math>b</math>, <math>c</math>, and <math>d</math>, where <math>a>b>c>d</math>. <math>x+y</math> needs to be maximized, so let <math>x=a+b</math> and <math>y=a+c</math> because these are the two largest pairwise sums. Now <math>x+y=2a+b+c</math> needs to be maximized. Notice <math>2a+b+c=3(a+b+c+d)-(a+2b+2c+3d)=3((a+c)+(b+d))-((a+d)+(b+c)+(b+d)+(c+d))</math>. No matter how the numbers <math>189</math>, <math>320</math>, <math>287</math>, and <math>234</math> are assigned to the values <math>a+d</math>, <math>b+c</math>, <math>b+d</math>, and <math>c+d</math>, the sum <math>(a+d)+(b+c)+(b+d)+(c+d)</math> will always be <math>189+320+287+234</math>. Therefore we need to maximize <math>3((a+c)+(b+d))-(189+320+287+234)</math>. The maximum value of <math>(a+c)+(b+d)</math> is achieved when we let <math>a+c</math> and <math>b+d</math> be <math>320</math> and <math>287</math> because these are the two largest pairwise sums besides <math>x</math> and <math>y</math>. Therefore, the maximum possible value of <math>x+y=3(320+287)-(189+320+287+234)=\boxed{791}</math>.
 
Let these four numbers be <math>a</math>, <math>b</math>, <math>c</math>, and <math>d</math>, where <math>a>b>c>d</math>. <math>x+y</math> needs to be maximized, so let <math>x=a+b</math> and <math>y=a+c</math> because these are the two largest pairwise sums. Now <math>x+y=2a+b+c</math> needs to be maximized. Notice <math>2a+b+c=3(a+b+c+d)-(a+2b+2c+3d)=3((a+c)+(b+d))-((a+d)+(b+c)+(b+d)+(c+d))</math>. No matter how the numbers <math>189</math>, <math>320</math>, <math>287</math>, and <math>234</math> are assigned to the values <math>a+d</math>, <math>b+c</math>, <math>b+d</math>, and <math>c+d</math>, the sum <math>(a+d)+(b+c)+(b+d)+(c+d)</math> will always be <math>189+320+287+234</math>. Therefore we need to maximize <math>3((a+c)+(b+d))-(189+320+287+234)</math>. The maximum value of <math>(a+c)+(b+d)</math> is achieved when we let <math>a+c</math> and <math>b+d</math> be <math>320</math> and <math>287</math> because these are the two largest pairwise sums besides <math>x</math> and <math>y</math>. Therefore, the maximum possible value of <math>x+y=3(320+287)-(189+320+287+234)=\boxed{791}</math>.
  

Revision as of 16:53, 27 March 2017

Problem

A set contains four numbers. The six pairwise sums of distinct elements of the set, in no particular order, are $189$, $320$, $287$, $234$, $x$, and $y$. Find the greatest possible value of $x+y$.

Solution 1

Let these four numbers be $a$, $b$, $c$, and $d$, where $a>b>c>d$. $x+y$ needs to be maximized, so let $x=a+b$ and $y=a+c$ because these are the two largest pairwise sums. Now $x+y=2a+b+c$ needs to be maximized. Notice $2a+b+c=3(a+b+c+d)-(a+2b+2c+3d)=3((a+c)+(b+d))-((a+d)+(b+c)+(b+d)+(c+d))$. No matter how the numbers $189$, $320$, $287$, and $234$ are assigned to the values $a+d$, $b+c$, $b+d$, and $c+d$, the sum $(a+d)+(b+c)+(b+d)+(c+d)$ will always be $189+320+287+234$. Therefore we need to maximize $3((a+c)+(b+d))-(189+320+287+234)$. The maximum value of $(a+c)+(b+d)$ is achieved when we let $a+c$ and $b+d$ be $320$ and $287$ because these are the two largest pairwise sums besides $x$ and $y$. Therefore, the maximum possible value of $x+y=3(320+287)-(189+320+287+234)=\boxed{791}$.

See Also

2017 AIME II (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 4
Followed by
Problem 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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