2017 AIME I Problems/Problem 9
Contents
Problem 9
Let , and for each integer let . Find the least such that is a multiple of .
Solution 1
Writing out the recursive statement for and summing them gives Which simplifies to Therefore, is divisible by 99 if and only if is divisible by 99, so needs to be divisible by 9 and 11. Assume that is a multiple of 11. Writing out a few terms, , we see that is the smallest that works in this case. Next, assume that is a multiple of 11. Writing out a few terms, , we see that is the smallest that works in this case. The smallest is .
Solution 2
By looking at the first few terms, we can see that This implies Since , we can rewrite the equivalence, and simplify The smallest squares that are congruent to are and , so yields as the smallest integer solution.
yields as the smallest integer solution.
yields as the smallest integer solution.
yields as the smallest integer solution. However, must be greater than .
The smallest positive integer solution greater than is .
Solution by MathLearner01
See also
2017 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 8 |
Followed by Problem 10 | |
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