Difference between revisions of "2017 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 1"

(Solution: The sequence is not an arithmetic sequence)
(Solution)
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==Solution==
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==Solution 1==
  
Notice this is the term <math>a_6</math> in a recursive sequence, defined recursively as <math>a_1 = 3, a_n = 2a_(n-1) + 1.</math> Thus:
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Notice this is the term <math>a_6</math> in a recursive sequence, defined recursively as <math>a_1 = 3, a_n = 2a_{n-1} + 1.</math> Thus:
 
<cmath>\begin{split}
 
<cmath>\begin{split}
 
a_2 = 3*2 + 1 = 7.\\
 
a_2 = 3*2 + 1 = 7.\\
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a_4 = 15*2 + 1 = 31.\\
 
a_4 = 15*2 + 1 = 31.\\
 
a_5 = 31*2 + 1 = 63.\\
 
a_5 = 31*2 + 1 = 63.\\
a_6 = 63*2 + 1 = \boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 127.}
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a_6 = 63*2 + 1 = \boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 127}
 
\end{split}</cmath>
 
\end{split}</cmath>
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 +
==Solution 2==
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Starting to compute the inner expressions, we see the results are <math>1, 3, 7, 15, \ldots</math>. This is always <math>1</math> less than a power of <math>2</math>. The only admissible answer choice by this rule is thus \boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 127}.
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
{{AMC10 box|year=2017|ab=A|before=First Problem|num-a=2}}
 
{{AMC10 box|year=2017|ab=A|before=First Problem|num-a=2}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 18:52, 8 February 2017

Problem

What is the value of $(2(2(2(2(2(2+1)+1)+1)+1)+1)+1)$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 70\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 97\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 127\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 159\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 729$


Solution 1

Notice this is the term $a_6$ in a recursive sequence, defined recursively as $a_1 = 3, a_n = 2a_{n-1} + 1.$ Thus: \[\begin{split} a_2 = 3*2 + 1 = 7.\\ a_3 = 7 *2 + 1 = 15.\\ a_4 = 15*2 + 1 = 31.\\ a_5 = 31*2 + 1 = 63.\\ a_6 = 63*2 + 1 = \boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 127} \end{split}\]

Solution 2

Starting to compute the inner expressions, we see the results are $1, 3, 7, 15, \ldots$. This is always $1$ less than a power of $2$. The only admissible answer choice by this rule is thus \boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 127}.

See Also

2017 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
First Problem
Followed by
Problem 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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