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Difference between revisions of "2017 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 8"

Problem

At a gathering of $30$ people, there are $20$ people who all know each other and $10$ people who know no one. People who know each other a hug, and people who do not know each other shake hands. How many handshakes occur? $\textbf{(A)}\ 240\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 245\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 290\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 480\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 490$

Solution 1

Each one of the ten people has to shake hands with all the $20$ other people they don’t know. So $10\cdot20 = 200$. From there, we calculate how many handshakes occurred between the people who don’t know each other. This is simply counting how many ways to choose two people to shake hands, or $\binom{10}{2} = 45$. Thus the answer is $200 + 45 = \boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 245}$.

Solution 2

We can also use complementary counting. First of all, $\dbinom{30}{2}=435$ handshakes or hugs occur. Then, if we can find the number of hugs, then we can subtract it from $435$ to find the handshakes. Hugs only happen between the 20 people who know each other, so there are $\dbinom{20}{2}=190$ hugs. $435-190= \boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 245}$.

Solution 3

We can focus on how many handshakes the 10 people get. The $1st$ person gets 29 handshakes. $2nd$ gets 28 ...... And the $10th$ gets 20 handshakes.

We can write this as the sum of an arithmetic sequence. $\frac{10(20+29)}{2}\implies 5(49)\implies 245.$ Therefore, the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\245}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Undefined control sequence.)

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