Difference between revisions of "2017 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 23"

(Solution)
m (Solution)
Line 7: Line 7:
 
We only need to find the remainders of N when divided by 5 and 9 to determine the answer.
 
We only need to find the remainders of N when divided by 5 and 9 to determine the answer.
 
By inspection, <math>N \equiv 4 \text{ (mod 5)}</math>.
 
By inspection, <math>N \equiv 4 \text{ (mod 5)}</math>.
The remainder when <math>N</math> is divided by <math>9</math> is <math>1+2+3+4+ \cdots +1+0+1+1 +1+2 +\cdots + 4+3+4+4</math>, but since <math>10 \equiv 1 \text{ (mod 9)}</math>, we can also write this as <math>1+2+3 +\cdots +10+11+12+ \cdots 43 + 44 = \frac{44 \cdot 45}2 = 22 \cdots 45</math>, which has a remainder of 0 mod 9. Therefore, by CRT, the answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 9}</math>.
+
The remainder when <math>N</math> is divided by <math>9</math> is <math>1+2+3+4+ \cdots +1+0+1+1 +1+2 +\cdots + 4+3+4+4</math>, but since <math>10 \equiv 1 \text{ (mod 9)}</math>, we can also write this as <math>1+2+3 +\cdots +10+11+12+ \cdots 43 + 44 = \frac{44 \cdot 45}2 = 22 \cdot 45</math>, which has a remainder of 0 mod 9. Therefore, by CRT, the answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 9}</math>.
  
 
Note: the sum of the digits of <math>N</math> is <math>270</math>
 
Note: the sum of the digits of <math>N</math> is <math>270</math>

Revision as of 13:03, 16 February 2017

Problem 23

Let $N=123456789101112\dots4344$ be the $79$-digit number that is formed by writing the integers from $1$ to $44$ in order, one after the other. What is the remainder when $N$ is divided by $45$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 44$

Solution

We only need to find the remainders of N when divided by 5 and 9 to determine the answer. By inspection, $N \equiv 4 \text{ (mod 5)}$. The remainder when $N$ is divided by $9$ is $1+2+3+4+ \cdots +1+0+1+1 +1+2 +\cdots + 4+3+4+4$, but since $10 \equiv 1 \text{ (mod 9)}$, we can also write this as $1+2+3 +\cdots +10+11+12+ \cdots 43 + 44 = \frac{44 \cdot 45}2 = 22 \cdot 45$, which has a remainder of 0 mod 9. Therefore, by CRT, the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 9}$.

Note: the sum of the digits of $N$ is $270$

Solution 2

Noting the solution above, we try to find the sum of the digits to figure out its remainder when divided by $9$. From $1$ thru $9$, the sum is $45$. $10$ thru $19$, the sum is $55$, $20$ thru $30$ is $65$, and $30$ thru $40$ is $75$. Thus the sum of the digits is $45+55+65+75+4+5+6+7+8 = 240+30 = 270$, and thus $N$ is divisible by $9$. The solution proceeds as above.

See Also

2017 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 22
Followed by
Problem 24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS