Difference between revisions of "2017 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 23"
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==Solution 2== | ==Solution 2== | ||
− | Noting the solution above, we try to find the sum of the digits to figure out its remainder when divided by <math>9</math>. From <math>1</math> thru <math>9</math>, the sum is <math>45</math>. <math>10</math> thru <math>19</math>, the sum is <math>55</math>, <math>20</math> thru <math>29</math> is <math>65</math>, and <math>30</math> thru <math>39</math> is <math>75</math>. Thus the sum of the digits is <math>45+55+65+75+4+5+6+7+8 = 240+30 = 270</math>, and thus <math>N</math> is divisible by <math>9</math>. Now, refer to the above or below solutions. <math>N \equiv 4 \text{ (mod 5)}</math> and <math>N \equiv 0 \text{ (mod 9)}</math>. From this information, we can conclude that <math>N \equiv 54 \text{ (mod 5)}</math> and <math>N \equiv 54 \text{ (mod 9)}</math>. Therefore, <math>N \equiv 54 \text{ (mod 45)}</math> | + | Noting the solution above, we try to find the sum of the digits to figure out its remainder when divided by <math>9</math>. From <math>1</math> thru <math>9</math>, the sum is <math>45</math>. <math>10</math> thru <math>19</math>, the sum is <math>55</math>, <math>20</math> thru <math>29</math> is <math>65</math>, and <math>30</math> thru <math>39</math> is <math>75</math>. Thus the sum of the digits is <math>45+55+65+75+4+5+6+7+8 = 240+30 = 270</math>, and thus <math>N</math> is divisible by <math>9</math>. Now, refer to the above or below solutions. <math>N \equiv 4 \text{ (mod 5)}</math> and <math>N \equiv 0 \text{ (mod 9)}</math>. From this information, we can conclude that <math>N \equiv 54 \text{ (mod 5)}</math> and <math>N \equiv 54 \text{ (mod 9)}</math>. Therefore, <math>N \equiv 54 \text{ (mod 45)}</math> and <math>N \equiv 9 \text{ (mod 45)}</math> so the remainder is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }9}</math> |
==See Also== | ==See Also== | ||
{{AMC10 box|year=2017|ab=B|num-b=22|num-a=24}} | {{AMC10 box|year=2017|ab=B|num-b=22|num-a=24}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Revision as of 16:41, 20 February 2017
Contents
Problem 23
Let be the -digit number that is formed by writing the integers from to in order, one after the other. What is the remainder when is divided by ?
Solution
We only need to find the remainders of N when divided by 5 and 9 to determine the answer. By inspection, . The remainder when is divided by is , but since , we can also write this as , which has a remainder of 0 mod 9. Therefore, by inspection, the answer is .
Note: the sum of the digits of is .
Solution 2
Noting the solution above, we try to find the sum of the digits to figure out its remainder when divided by . From thru , the sum is . thru , the sum is , thru is , and thru is . Thus the sum of the digits is , and thus is divisible by . Now, refer to the above or below solutions. and . From this information, we can conclude that and . Therefore, and so the remainder is
See Also
2017 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 22 |
Followed by Problem 24 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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