Difference between revisions of "2017 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 24"
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==Solution 3== | ==Solution 3== | ||
Without loss of generality, let the centroid of <math>\triangle ABC</math> be <math>G = (1, 1)</math> and let point <math>A</math> be <math>(-1, -1)</math>. It is known that the centroid is equidistant from the three vertices of <math>\triangle ABC</math>. Because we have the coordinates of both <math>A</math> and <math>G</math>, we know that the distance from <math>G</math> to any vertice of <math>\triangle ABC</math> is <math>\sqrt{(1-(-1))^2+(1-(-1))^2} = 2\sqrt{2}</math>. Therefore, <math>AG=BG=CG=2\sqrt{2}</math>. It follows that from <math>\triangle ABG</math>, where <math>AG=BG=2\sqrt{2}</math> and <math>\angle AGB = \dfrac{360^{\circ}}{3} = 120^{\circ}</math>, <math>[\triangle ABG]= \dfrac{(2\sqrt{2})^2 \cdot \sin(120)}{2} = 4 \cdot \dfrac{\sqrt{3}}{2} = 2\sqrt{3}</math> using the formula for the area of a triangle with sine <math>\left([\triangle ABC]= \dfrac{1}{2} AB \cdot BC \sin(\angle ABC)\right)</math>. Because <math>\triangle ACG</math> and <math>\triangle BCG</math> are congruent to <math>\triangle ABG</math>, they also have an area of <math>2\sqrt{3}</math>. Therefore, <math>[\triangle ABC] = 3(2\sqrt{3}) = 6\sqrt{3}</math>. Squaring that gives us the answer of <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }108}</math>. | Without loss of generality, let the centroid of <math>\triangle ABC</math> be <math>G = (1, 1)</math> and let point <math>A</math> be <math>(-1, -1)</math>. It is known that the centroid is equidistant from the three vertices of <math>\triangle ABC</math>. Because we have the coordinates of both <math>A</math> and <math>G</math>, we know that the distance from <math>G</math> to any vertice of <math>\triangle ABC</math> is <math>\sqrt{(1-(-1))^2+(1-(-1))^2} = 2\sqrt{2}</math>. Therefore, <math>AG=BG=CG=2\sqrt{2}</math>. It follows that from <math>\triangle ABG</math>, where <math>AG=BG=2\sqrt{2}</math> and <math>\angle AGB = \dfrac{360^{\circ}}{3} = 120^{\circ}</math>, <math>[\triangle ABG]= \dfrac{(2\sqrt{2})^2 \cdot \sin(120)}{2} = 4 \cdot \dfrac{\sqrt{3}}{2} = 2\sqrt{3}</math> using the formula for the area of a triangle with sine <math>\left([\triangle ABC]= \dfrac{1}{2} AB \cdot BC \sin(\angle ABC)\right)</math>. Because <math>\triangle ACG</math> and <math>\triangle BCG</math> are congruent to <math>\triangle ABG</math>, they also have an area of <math>2\sqrt{3}</math>. Therefore, <math>[\triangle ABC] = 3(2\sqrt{3}) = 6\sqrt{3}</math>. Squaring that gives us the answer of <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }108}</math>. | ||
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==See Also== | ==See Also== | ||
{{AMC10 box|year=2017|ab=B|num-b=23|num-a=25}} | {{AMC10 box|year=2017|ab=B|num-b=23|num-a=25}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Revision as of 16:49, 17 January 2020
Problem 24
The vertices of an equilateral triangle lie on the hyperbola , and a vertex of this hyperbola is the centroid of the triangle. What is the square of the area of the triangle?
Solution 1
Without loss of generality, let the centroid of be . The centroid of an equilateral triangle is the same as the circumcenter. It follows that the circumcircle must intersect the graph exactly three times. Therefore, , so , so since is isosceles and , then by Law of Cosines, . Alternatively, we can use the fact that the circumradius of an equilateral triangle is equal to . Therefore, the area of the triangle is , so the square of the area of the triangle is .
-Asymptote diagram by Shurong.ge
Solution 2
Without loss of generality, let the centroid of be . Then, one of the vertices must be the other curve of the hyperbola. Without loss of generality, let . Then, point must be the reflection of across the line , so let and , where . Because is the centroid, the average of the -coordinates of the vertices of the triangle is . So we know that . Multiplying by and solving gives us . So and . So , and finding the square of the area gives us .
Solution 3
Without loss of generality, let the centroid of be and let point be . It is known that the centroid is equidistant from the three vertices of . Because we have the coordinates of both and , we know that the distance from to any vertice of is . Therefore, . It follows that from , where and , using the formula for the area of a triangle with sine . Because and are congruent to , they also have an area of . Therefore, . Squaring that gives us the answer of .
See Also
2017 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 23 |
Followed by Problem 25 | |
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