Difference between revisions of "2017 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 16"
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We know that the perimeters of the two small triangles are <math>3+CD+AD</math> and <math>4+BD+AD</math>. Setting both equal and using <math>BD+CD = 5</math>, we have <math>BD = 2</math> and <math>CD = 3</math>. Now, we simply have to find the area of <math>\triangle ABD</math>. Since <math>\frac{BD}{CD} = \frac{2}{3}</math>, we must have <math>\frac{[ABD]}{ACD]} = 2/3</math>. Combining this with the fact that <math>[ABC] = [ABD] + [ACD] = \frac{3*4}{2} = 6</math>, we get <math>[ABD] = \frac{2}{5}[ABC] = \frac{2}{5} * 6 = \boxed{\textbf{(D) } \frac{12}{5}}</math> | We know that the perimeters of the two small triangles are <math>3+CD+AD</math> and <math>4+BD+AD</math>. Setting both equal and using <math>BD+CD = 5</math>, we have <math>BD = 2</math> and <math>CD = 3</math>. Now, we simply have to find the area of <math>\triangle ABD</math>. Since <math>\frac{BD}{CD} = \frac{2}{3}</math>, we must have <math>\frac{[ABD]}{ACD]} = 2/3</math>. Combining this with the fact that <math>[ABC] = [ABD] + [ACD] = \frac{3*4}{2} = 6</math>, we get <math>[ABD] = \frac{2}{5}[ABC] = \frac{2}{5} * 6 = \boxed{\textbf{(D) } \frac{12}{5}}</math> | ||
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+ | Solution 2. (Similar triangles) | ||
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+ | Since point <math>D</math> is on line <math>BC</math>, it will split it into <math>CD</math> and <math>DB</math>. Let <math>CD = 5 - x</math> and <math>DB = x</math>. Triangle <math>CAD</math> has side lengths <math>3, 5 - x, AD</math> and triangle <math>DAB</math> has side lengths <math>x, 4, AD</math>. Since both perimeters are equal, we have the equation <math>3 + 5 - x + AD = 4 + x + AD</math>. Eliminating <math>AD</math> and solving the resulting linear equation gives <math>x = 2</math>. Draw a perpendicular from point <math>D</math> to <math>AB</math>. Call the point of intersection <math>F</math>. Because angle <math>ABC</math> is common to both triangles <math>DBF</math> and <math>ABC</math>, and both are right triangles, both are similar. The hypotenuse of triangle <math>DBF</math> is 2, so the altitude must be <math>6/5</math> Because <math>DBF</math> and <math>ABD</math> share the same altitude, the height of <math>ABD</math> therefore must be <math>6/5</math>. The base of <math>ABD</math> is 4, so <math>Area = 1/2 * 4 * 6/5 = 12/5 (D)</math> | ||
==See Also== | ==See Also== |
Revision as of 15:54, 22 November 2017
Problem 16
In the figure below, choose point on so that and have equal perimeters. What is the area of ?
Solution
We know that the perimeters of the two small triangles are and . Setting both equal and using , we have and . Now, we simply have to find the area of . Since , we must have . Combining this with the fact that , we get
Solution 2. (Similar triangles)
Since point is on line , it will split it into and . Let and . Triangle has side lengths and triangle has side lengths . Since both perimeters are equal, we have the equation . Eliminating and solving the resulting linear equation gives . Draw a perpendicular from point to . Call the point of intersection . Because angle is common to both triangles and , and both are right triangles, both are similar. The hypotenuse of triangle is 2, so the altitude must be Because and share the same altitude, the height of therefore must be . The base of is 4, so
See Also
2017 AMC 8 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 15 |
Followed by Problem 17 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions |
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