2017 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 20

Revision as of 14:07, 22 November 2017 by Nukelauncher (talk | contribs) (Solution)

Problem 20

An integer between $1000$ and $9999$, inclusive, is chosen at random. What is the probability that it is an odd integer whose digits are all distinct?

$\textbf{(A) }\frac{14}{75}\qquad\textbf{(B) }\frac{56}{225}\qquad\textbf{(C) }\frac{107}{400}\qquad\textbf{(D) }\frac{7}{25}\qquad\textbf{(E) }\frac{9}{25}$

Solution

There are $5$ options for the last digit, as the integer must be odd. The first digit now has $8$ options left (it can't be $0$ or the same as the last digit. The second digit also has $8$ options left (it can't be the same as the first or last digit). Finally, the third digit has $7$ options (it can't be the same as the three digits that are already chosen).

Since there are $9000$ total integers, out answer is \[\frac{8 \cdot 8 \cdot 7 \cdot 5}{9000} = \boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{56}{225}}.\]

~nukelauncher

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