Difference between revisions of "2017 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 25"
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− | ==Problem | + | ==Problem== |
In the figure shown, <math>\overline{US}</math> and <math>\overline{UT}</math> are line segments each of length 2, and <math>m\angle TUS = 60^\circ</math>. Arcs <math>\overarc{TR}</math> and <math>\overarc{SR}</math> are each one-sixth of a circle with radius 2. What is the area of the region shown? | In the figure shown, <math>\overline{US}</math> and <math>\overline{UT}</math> are line segments each of length 2, and <math>m\angle TUS = 60^\circ</math>. Arcs <math>\overarc{TR}</math> and <math>\overarc{SR}</math> are each one-sixth of a circle with radius 2. What is the area of the region shown? | ||
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<math>\textbf{(A) }3\sqrt{3}-\pi\qquad\textbf{(B) }4\sqrt{3}-\frac{4\pi}{3}\qquad\textbf{(C) }2\sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(D) }4\sqrt{3}-\frac{2\pi}{3}\qquad\textbf{(E) }4+\frac{4\pi}{3}</math> | <math>\textbf{(A) }3\sqrt{3}-\pi\qquad\textbf{(B) }4\sqrt{3}-\frac{4\pi}{3}\qquad\textbf{(C) }2\sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(D) }4\sqrt{3}-\frac{2\pi}{3}\qquad\textbf{(E) }4+\frac{4\pi}{3}</math> | ||
− | ==Solution== | + | ==Solution 1== |
Let the centers of the circles containing arcs <math>\overarc{SR}</math> and <math>\overarc{TR}</math> be <math>X</math> and <math>Y</math>, respectively. Extend <math>\overline{US}</math> and <math>\overline{UT}</math> to <math>X</math> and <math>Y</math>, and connect point <math>X</math> with point <math>Y</math>. | Let the centers of the circles containing arcs <math>\overarc{SR}</math> and <math>\overarc{TR}</math> be <math>X</math> and <math>Y</math>, respectively. Extend <math>\overline{US}</math> and <math>\overline{UT}</math> to <math>X</math> and <math>Y</math>, and connect point <math>X</math> with point <math>Y</math>. | ||
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We can clearly see that <math>\triangle UXY</math> is an equilateral triangle, because the problem states that <math>m\angle TUS = 60^\circ</math>. We can figure out that <math>m\angle SXR= 60^\circ</math> and <math>m\angle TYR = 60^\circ</math> because they are <math>\frac{1}{6}</math> of a circle. The area of the figure is equal to <math>[\triangle UXY]</math> minus the combined area of the <math>2</math> sectors of the circles(in red). Using the area formula for an equilateral triangle, <math>\frac{a^2\sqrt{3}}{4},</math> where <math>a</math> is the side length of the equilateral triangle, <math>[\triangle UXY]</math> is <math>\frac{\sqrt 3}{4} \cdot 4^2 = 4\sqrt 3.</math> The combined area of the <math>2</math> sectors is <math>2\cdot\frac16\cdot\pi r^2</math>, which is <math>\frac 13\pi \cdot 2^2 = \frac{4\pi}{3}.</math> Thus, our final answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 4\sqrt{3}-\frac{4\pi}{3}}.</math> | We can clearly see that <math>\triangle UXY</math> is an equilateral triangle, because the problem states that <math>m\angle TUS = 60^\circ</math>. We can figure out that <math>m\angle SXR= 60^\circ</math> and <math>m\angle TYR = 60^\circ</math> because they are <math>\frac{1}{6}</math> of a circle. The area of the figure is equal to <math>[\triangle UXY]</math> minus the combined area of the <math>2</math> sectors of the circles(in red). Using the area formula for an equilateral triangle, <math>\frac{a^2\sqrt{3}}{4},</math> where <math>a</math> is the side length of the equilateral triangle, <math>[\triangle UXY]</math> is <math>\frac{\sqrt 3}{4} \cdot 4^2 = 4\sqrt 3.</math> The combined area of the <math>2</math> sectors is <math>2\cdot\frac16\cdot\pi r^2</math>, which is <math>\frac 13\pi \cdot 2^2 = \frac{4\pi}{3}.</math> Thus, our final answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 4\sqrt{3}-\frac{4\pi}{3}}.</math> | ||
− | ==Video | + | ==Solution 2== |
− | https://youtu.be/ | + | |
− | + | <asy>draw((1,1.732)--(2,3.464)--(3,1.732)); draw(arc((0,0),(2,0),(1,1.732))); draw(arc((4,0),(3,1.732),(2,0))); label("$U$", (2,3.464), N); label("$S$", (1,1.732), W); label("$T$", (3,1.732), E); label("$R$", (2,0), S);</asy> | |
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+ | In addition to the given diagram, we can draw lines <math>\overline{SR}</math> and <math>\overline{RT}.</math> The area of rhombus <math>SRTU</math> is half the product of its diagonals, which is <math>\frac{2\sqrt3 \cdot 2}{2}=2\sqrt3</math>. However, we have to subtract off the circular segments. The area of those can be found by computing the area of the circle with radius 2, multiplying it by <math>\frac{1}{6}</math>, then finally subtracting the area of an equilateral triangle with a side length 2 from the sector. The sum of the areas of the circular segments is <math>2(\frac{4 \pi}{6}-\sqrt3).</math> The area of rhombus <math>SRTU</math> minus the circular segments is <math>2\sqrt3-\frac{4 \pi}{3}+2\sqrt3= \boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 4\sqrt{3}-\frac{4\pi}{3}}.</math> | ||
+ | |||
+ | ~PEKKA | ||
+ | |||
+ | ==Video Solutions== | ||
+ | https://youtu.be/LT4gyH--328 | ||
+ | |||
https://youtu.be/wc5rGulTTR8 - Happytwin | https://youtu.be/wc5rGulTTR8 - Happytwin | ||
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+ | https://youtu.be/uvwLT5xBNdU ~DSA_Catachu | ||
+ | |||
+ | https://youtu.be/aE0oAq4Q_Ks | ||
+ | |||
+ | https://euclideanmathcircle.wixsite.com/emc1/videos?wix-vod-video-id=3a7970c3cd01453aa4263a8be7998588&wix-vod-comp-id=comp-kn8844mv | ||
+ | |||
+ | https://youtu.be/sVclz6EmpEU | ||
+ | |||
+ | ~savannahsolver | ||
==See Also== | ==See Also== |
Latest revision as of 21:43, 15 March 2022
Problem
In the figure shown, and are line segments each of length 2, and . Arcs and are each one-sixth of a circle with radius 2. What is the area of the region shown?
Solution 1
Let the centers of the circles containing arcs and be and , respectively. Extend and to and , and connect point with point . We can clearly see that is an equilateral triangle, because the problem states that . We can figure out that and because they are of a circle. The area of the figure is equal to minus the combined area of the sectors of the circles(in red). Using the area formula for an equilateral triangle, where is the side length of the equilateral triangle, is The combined area of the sectors is , which is Thus, our final answer is
Solution 2
In addition to the given diagram, we can draw lines and The area of rhombus is half the product of its diagonals, which is . However, we have to subtract off the circular segments. The area of those can be found by computing the area of the circle with radius 2, multiplying it by , then finally subtracting the area of an equilateral triangle with a side length 2 from the sector. The sum of the areas of the circular segments is The area of rhombus minus the circular segments is
~PEKKA
Video Solutions
https://youtu.be/wc5rGulTTR8 - Happytwin
https://youtu.be/uvwLT5xBNdU ~DSA_Catachu
~savannahsolver
See Also
2017 AMC 8 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 24 |
Followed by Last Problem | |
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions |
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