Difference between revisions of "2017 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 8"

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==Solution==
  
Notice that (1) cannot be true, as we quickly see that we cannot have <math>2</math> of the <math>3</math> remaining conditions be true without running into a contradiction. Thus, we must have (2), (3), and (4) true. By (2), the <math>2</math>-digit number is even, and thus the digit in the tens place must be <math>9</math>. The only even <math>2</math>-digit number starting with <math>9</math> and divisible by <math>7</math> is <math>98</math>, which has a units digit of <math>\boxed{\textbf{(D)}\ 8}.</math>
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Notice that (1) cannot be true. Otherwise, the number would have to prime and either be even or divisible by 7. This only happens if the number is 2 or 7, neither of which are two-digit numbers, so we run into a contradiction. Thus, we must have (2), (3), and (4) true. By (2), the <math>2</math>-digit number is even, and thus the digit in the tens place must be <math>9</math>. The only even <math>2</math>-digit number starting with <math>9</math> and divisible by <math>7</math> is <math>98</math>, which has a units digit of <math>\boxed{\textbf{(D)}\ 8}.</math>
  
 
~nukelauncher
 
~nukelauncher

Revision as of 15:58, 22 November 2017

Problem 8

Malcolm wants to visit Isabella after school today and knows the street where she lives but doesn't know her house number. She tells him, "My house number has two digits, and exactly three of the following four statements about it are true."

(1) It is prime.

(2) It is even.

(3) It is divisible by 7.

(4) One of its digits is 9.

This information allows Malcolm to determine Isabella's house number. What is its units digit?

$\textbf{(A) }4\qquad\textbf{(B) }6\qquad\textbf{(C) }7\qquad\textbf{(D) }8\qquad\textbf{(E) }9$

Solution

Notice that (1) cannot be true. Otherwise, the number would have to prime and either be even or divisible by 7. This only happens if the number is 2 or 7, neither of which are two-digit numbers, so we run into a contradiction. Thus, we must have (2), (3), and (4) true. By (2), the $2$-digit number is even, and thus the digit in the tens place must be $9$. The only even $2$-digit number starting with $9$ and divisible by $7$ is $98$, which has a units digit of $\boxed{\textbf{(D)}\ 8}.$

~nukelauncher

See Also

2017 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 7
Followed by
Problem 9
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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