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# Difference between revisions of "2017 UNM-PNM Statewide High School Mathematics Contest II Problems/Problem 6"

## Problem

There are $12$ stacks of $12$ coins. Each of the coins in $11$ of the $12$ stacks weighs $10$ grams each. Suppose the coins in the remaining stack each weigh $9.9$ grams. You are given one time access to a precise digital scale. Devise a plan to weigh some coins in precisely one weighing to determine which pile has the lighter coins.

## Solution

On the digital scale, place one coin from the 1st pile, 2 from the 2nd, 3 from the 3rd, continuing in this fashion until you have placed 12 from the 12th pile. The scale will have $\sum_{i=1}^{12}i=12\cdot {13}/2 = 78$ coins. If the pile weighs 779.9g, the ﬁrst pile has the lighter coins. If the pile weighs 779.8g, the second pile has the lighter coins. And in general, if the pile weighs $780-i\cdot(.1)$, the ith pile has the lighter coins.

 2017 UNM-PNM Contest II (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 5 Followed byProblem 7 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 All UNM-PNM Problems and Solutions