Difference between revisions of "2018 AIME I Problems/Problem 4"
Mathwiz0803 (talk | contribs) |
m (→Problem 4) |
||
Line 1: | Line 1: | ||
==Problem 4== | ==Problem 4== | ||
− | In <math>\triangle ABC, AB = AC = 10</math> and <math>BC = 12</math>. Point <math>D</math> lies strictly between <math>A</math> and <math>B</math> on <math>\overline{AB}</math> and point <math>E</math> lies strictly between <math>A</math> and <math>C</math> on <math>\overline{AC}</math> | + | In <math>\triangle ABC, AB = AC = 10</math> and <math>BC = 12</math>. Point <math>D</math> lies strictly between <math>A</math> and <math>B</math> on <math>\overline{AB}</math> and point <math>E</math> lies strictly between <math>A</math> and <math>C</math> on <math>\overline{AC}</math> so that <math>AD = DE = EC</math>. Then <math>AD</math> can be expressed in the form <math>\dfrac{p}{q}</math>, where <math>p</math> and <math>q</math> are relatively prime positive integers. Find <math>p+q</math>. |
==Solution 1 (No Trig)== | ==Solution 1 (No Trig)== |
Revision as of 19:48, 9 March 2018
Contents
Problem 4
In and . Point lies strictly between and on and point lies strictly between and on so that . Then can be expressed in the form , where and are relatively prime positive integers. Find .
Solution 1 (No Trig)
We draw the altitude from to to get point . We notice that the triangle's height from to is 8 because it is a Right Triangle. To find the length of , we let represent and set up an equation by finding two ways to express the area. The equation is , which leaves us with . We then solve for the length , which is done through pythagorean theorm and get = . We can now see that is a Right Triangle. Thus, we set as , and yield that . Now, we can see , so we have . Solving this equation, we yield , or . Thus, our final answer is . ~bluebacon008
Solution 2 (Coordinates)
Let , , and . Then, let be in the interval and parametrically define and as and respectively. Note that , so . This means that However, since is extraneous by definition, ~ mathwiz0803
Solution 3 (Law of Cosines)
As shown in the diagram, let denote . Let us denote the foot of the altitude of to as . Note that can be expressed as and is a triangle . Therefore, and . Before we can proceed with the Law of Cosines, we must determine . Using LOC, we can write the following statement: Thus, the desired answer is ~ blitzkrieg21
Solution 4
In isosceles triangle, draw the altitude from onto . Let the point of intersection be . Clearly, , and hence .
Now, we recognise that the perpendicular from onto gives us two -- triangles. So, we calculate and
. And hence,
Inspecting gives us Solving the equation gives
~novus677
See Also
2018 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 3 |
Followed by Problem 5 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.