2018 AIME I Problems/Problem 4
In and . Point lies strictly between and on and point lies strictly between and on so that . Then can be expressed in the form , where and are relatively prime positive integers. Find .
Solution 1 (No Trig)
We draw the altitude from to to get point . We notice that the triangle's height from to is 8 because it is a Right Triangle. To find the length of , we let represent and set up an equation by finding two ways to express the area. The equation is , which leaves us with . We then solve for the length , which is done through pythagorean theorm and get = . We can now see that is a Right Triangle. Thus, we set as , and yield that . Now, we can see , so we have . Solving this equation, we yield , or . Thus, our final answer is . ~bluebacon008
Solution 2 (Coordinates)
Let , , and . Then, let be in the interval and parametrically define and as and respectively. Note that , so . This means that However, since is extraneous by definition, ~ mathwiz0803
Solution 3 (Law of Cosines)
As shown in the diagram, let denote . Let us denote the foot of the altitude of to as . Note that can be expressed as and is a triangle . Therefore, and . Before we can proceed with the Law of Cosines, we must determine . Using LOC, we can write the following statement: Thus, the desired answer is ~ blitzkrieg21
In isosceles triangle, draw the altitude from onto . Let the point of intersection be . Clearly, , and hence .
Now, we recognise that the perpendicular from onto gives us two -- triangles. So, we calculate and
. And hence,
Inspecting gives us Solving the equation gives
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