Difference between revisions of "2018 AIME I Problems/Problem 6"
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==Solution== | ==Solution== | ||
− | Let <math>a=z^{120}</math>. This simplifies the problem constraint to <math>a^6-a \in \mathbb{R}</math>. This is true | + | Let <math>a=z^{120}</math>. This simplifies the problem constraint to <math>a^6-a \in \mathbb{R}</math>. This is true if <math>Im(a^6)=Im(a)</math>. Let <math>\theta</math> be the angle <math>a</math> makes with the positive x-axis. Note that there is exactly one <math>a</math> for each angle <math>0\le\theta<2\pi</math>. This must be true for <math>12</math> values of <math>a</math> (it may help to picture the reference angle making one orbit from and to the positive x-axis; note every time <math>\sin\theta=\sin{6\theta}</math>). For each of these solutions for <math>a</math>, there are necessarily <math>120</math> solutions for <math>z</math>. Thus, there are <math>12*120=1440</math> solutions for <math>z</math>, yielding an answer of <math>\boxed{440}</math>. |
== See also == | == See also == | ||
{{AIME box|year=2018|n=I|num-b=5|num-a=7}} | {{AIME box|year=2018|n=I|num-b=5|num-a=7}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Revision as of 22:01, 8 March 2018
Problem
Let be the number of complex numbers with the properties that and is a real number. Find the remainder when is divided by .
Solution
Let . This simplifies the problem constraint to . This is true if . Let be the angle makes with the positive x-axis. Note that there is exactly one for each angle . This must be true for values of (it may help to picture the reference angle making one orbit from and to the positive x-axis; note every time ). For each of these solutions for , there are necessarily solutions for . Thus, there are solutions for , yielding an answer of .
See also
2018 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 5 |
Followed by Problem 7 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.