Difference between revisions of "2018 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 12"

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<math>\textbf{Case 2:}</math> <math>y = 1  
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<math>\textbf{Case 2:}</math> <math>y = 1</math>
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It is fairly clear that <math>x = 0.</math>
  
  

Revision as of 23:42, 8 February 2018

Problem

How many ordered pairs of real numbers $(x,y)$ satisfy the following system of equations? \[x+3y=3\] \[\big||x|-|y|\big|=1\] $\textbf{(A) } 1 \qquad  \textbf{(B) } 2 \qquad  \textbf{(C) } 3 \qquad  \textbf{(D) } 4 \qquad  \textbf{(E) } 8$

Solution

The graph looks something like this: [asy] draw((-3,0)--(3,0), Arrows); draw((0,-3)--(0,3), Arrows); draw((2,3)--(0,1)--(-2,3), blue); draw((-3,2)--(-1,0)--(-3,-2), blue); draw((-2,-3)--(0,-1)--(2,-3), blue); draw((3,-2)--(1,0)--(3,2), blue); draw((-3,2)--(3,0), red); dot((-3,2)); dot((3/2,1/2)); dot((0,1)); [/asy]

Now it's clear that there are $\boxed{3}$ intersection points. (pinetree1)

Solution 2

$x+3y=3$ can be rewritten to $x=3-3y$. Substituting $3-3y$ for $x$ in the second equation will give $||3-3y|-y|=1$. Splitting this question into casework for the ranges of y will give us the total number of solutions.


$\textbf{Case 1:}$ $y>1$

$3-3y$ will be negative so $|3-3y| = 3y-3.$

$|3y-3-y| = |2y-3| = 1$

   Subcase 1: $y>3/2$

$2y-3$ is positive so $2y-3 = 1$ and $y = 2$ and $x = 3-3(2) = -3$

   Subcase 2: $1<y<3/2$

$2y-3$ is negative so $|2y-3| = 3-2y = 1$. $2y = 2$ and so there are no solutions ($y$ can't equal to $1$)


$\textbf{Case 2:}$ $y = 1$ It is fairly clear that $x = 0.$


$\textbf{Case 3:}$ $y<1$

$3-3y$ will be positive so $|3-3y-y| = |3-4y| = 1$

   Subcase 1: $y>4/3$

$3-4y$ will be negative so $4y-3 = 1$ \rightarrow $4y = 4$. There are no solutions (again, $y$ can't equal to $1$)

   Subcase 2: y<4/3

$3-4y$ will be positive so $3-4y = 1$ \rightarrow $4y = 2$. $y = \frac{1}{2}$ and $x = \frac{3}{2}$.

Thus, the solutions are: $(-3,2), (0,1), \left(\frac{3}{2},\frac{1}{2} \right)$, and the answer is $3,$ or $\boxed{\textbf{(C)}}$

Solution by Danny Li JHS, $\text{\LaTeX}$ edit by pretzel.

See Also

2018 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 11
Followed by
Problem 13
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2018 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 9
Followed by
Problem 11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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