Difference between revisions of "2018 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 20"
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<math>\triangle{ADE} \sim \triangle{ABC} \sim \triangle{EFB}</math>. We can substitute <math>\overline{DA}</math> as <math>\frac{1}{3}x</math> and <math>\overline{CD}</math> as <math>\frac{2}{3}x</math>, where <math>x</math> is <math>\overline{AC}</math>. Side <math>\overline{CB}</math> having, distance <math>y</math>, has <math>2</math> parts also. And <math>\overline{CF}</math> and <math>\overline{FB}</math> are <math>\frac{1}{3}y</math> and <math>\frac{2}{3}y</math> respectfully. You can consider the height of <math>\triangle{ADE}</math> and <math>\triangle{EFB}</math> as <math>z</math> and <math>2z</math> respectfully. The area of <math>\triangle{ADE}</math> is <math>\frac{1\cdot z}{2}=0.5z</math> because the area formula for a triangle is <math>\frac{1}{2}bh</math> or <math>\frac{bh}{2}</math>. The area of <math>\triangle{EFB}</math> will be <math>\frac{2\cdot 2z}{2}=2z</math>. So the area of <math>\triangle{ABC}</math> will be <math>\frac{3\cdot (2z+z)}{2}=\frac{3\cdot 3z}{2}=\frac{9z}{2}=4.5z</math>. The area of parallelogram <math>CDEF</math> will be <math>4.5z-(0.5z+2z)=4.5z-2.5z=2z</math>. Parallelogram <math>CDEF</math> to <math>\triangle{ABC}= \frac{2z}{4.5z}=\frac{2}{4.5}=\frac{4}{9}</math>. The answer is <math>\boxed{(A) \frac{4}{9}}</math>. | <math>\triangle{ADE} \sim \triangle{ABC} \sim \triangle{EFB}</math>. We can substitute <math>\overline{DA}</math> as <math>\frac{1}{3}x</math> and <math>\overline{CD}</math> as <math>\frac{2}{3}x</math>, where <math>x</math> is <math>\overline{AC}</math>. Side <math>\overline{CB}</math> having, distance <math>y</math>, has <math>2</math> parts also. And <math>\overline{CF}</math> and <math>\overline{FB}</math> are <math>\frac{1}{3}y</math> and <math>\frac{2}{3}y</math> respectfully. You can consider the height of <math>\triangle{ADE}</math> and <math>\triangle{EFB}</math> as <math>z</math> and <math>2z</math> respectfully. The area of <math>\triangle{ADE}</math> is <math>\frac{1\cdot z}{2}=0.5z</math> because the area formula for a triangle is <math>\frac{1}{2}bh</math> or <math>\frac{bh}{2}</math>. The area of <math>\triangle{EFB}</math> will be <math>\frac{2\cdot 2z}{2}=2z</math>. So the area of <math>\triangle{ABC}</math> will be <math>\frac{3\cdot (2z+z)}{2}=\frac{3\cdot 3z}{2}=\frac{9z}{2}=4.5z</math>. The area of parallelogram <math>CDEF</math> will be <math>4.5z-(0.5z+2z)=4.5z-2.5z=2z</math>. Parallelogram <math>CDEF</math> to <math>\triangle{ABC}= \frac{2z}{4.5z}=\frac{2}{4.5}=\frac{4}{9}</math>. The answer is <math>\boxed{(A) \frac{4}{9}}</math>. | ||
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==See Also== | ==See Also== |
Revision as of 20:04, 8 November 2019
Problem 20
In a point is on with and Point is on so that and point is on so that What is the ratio of the area of to the area of
Solution 1
By similar triangles, we have . Similarly, we see that Using this information, we get Then, since , it follows that the . Thus, the answer would be .
Sidenote: denotes the area of triangle . Similarly, denotes the area of figure .
Solution 2
We can extend it into a parallelogram, so it would equal . The smaller parallelogram is 1 a times 2 b. The smaller parallelogram is of the larger parallelogram, so the answer would be , since the triangle is of the parallelogram, so the answer is .
By babyzombievillager
Solution 3
. We can substitute as and as , where is . Side having, distance , has parts also. And and are and respectfully. You can consider the height of and as and respectfully. The area of is because the area formula for a triangle is or . The area of will be . So the area of will be . The area of parallelogram will be . Parallelogram to . The answer is .
See Also
2018 AMC 8 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 19 |
Followed by Problem 21 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions |
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