Difference between revisions of "2019 AIME I Problems/Problem 13"
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Triangle <math>ABC</math> has side lengths <math>AB=4</math>, <math>BC=5</math>, and <math>CA=6</math>. Points <math>D</math> and <math>E</math> are on ray <math>AB</math> with <math>AB<AD<AE</math>. The point <math>F \neq C</math> is a point of intersection of the circumcircles of <math>\triangle ACD</math> and <math>\triangle EBC</math> satisfying <math>DF=2</math> and <math>EF=7</math>. Then <math>BE</math> can be expressed as <math>\tfrac{a+b\sqrt{c}}{d}</math>, where <math>a</math>, <math>b</math>, <math>c</math>, and <math>d</math> are positive integers such that <math>a</math> and <math>d</math> are relatively prime, and <math>c</math> is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find <math>a+b+c+d</math>. | Triangle <math>ABC</math> has side lengths <math>AB=4</math>, <math>BC=5</math>, and <math>CA=6</math>. Points <math>D</math> and <math>E</math> are on ray <math>AB</math> with <math>AB<AD<AE</math>. The point <math>F \neq C</math> is a point of intersection of the circumcircles of <math>\triangle ACD</math> and <math>\triangle EBC</math> satisfying <math>DF=2</math> and <math>EF=7</math>. Then <math>BE</math> can be expressed as <math>\tfrac{a+b\sqrt{c}}{d}</math>, where <math>a</math>, <math>b</math>, <math>c</math>, and <math>d</math> are positive integers such that <math>a</math> and <math>d</math> are relatively prime, and <math>c</math> is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find <math>a+b+c+d</math>. | ||
− | ==Solution== | + | ==Solution 1== |
Define <math>\omega_1</math> to be the circumcircle of <math>\triangle ACD</math> and <math>\omega_2</math> to be the circumcircle of <math>\triangle EBC</math>. | Define <math>\omega_1</math> to be the circumcircle of <math>\triangle ACD</math> and <math>\omega_2</math> to be the circumcircle of <math>\triangle EBC</math>. | ||
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Note that <math>\triangle GAC</math> is similar to <math>\triangle GFD</math>. <math>GF = \frac{BG + 4}{3}</math>. Also note that <math>\triangle GBC</math> is similar to <math>\triangle GFE</math>, which gives us <math>GF = \frac{7 \cdot BG}{5}</math>. Solving this system of linear equations, we get <math>BG = \frac{5}{4}</math>. Now, we can solve for <math>BE</math>, which is equal to <math>BG(\sqrt{2} + 1) + 4\sqrt{2}</math>. This simplifies to <math>\frac{5 + 21\sqrt{2}}{4}</math>, which means our answer is <math>\boxed{032}</math>. | Note that <math>\triangle GAC</math> is similar to <math>\triangle GFD</math>. <math>GF = \frac{BG + 4}{3}</math>. Also note that <math>\triangle GBC</math> is similar to <math>\triangle GFE</math>, which gives us <math>GF = \frac{7 \cdot BG}{5}</math>. Solving this system of linear equations, we get <math>BG = \frac{5}{4}</math>. Now, we can solve for <math>BE</math>, which is equal to <math>BG(\sqrt{2} + 1) + 4\sqrt{2}</math>. This simplifies to <math>\frac{5 + 21\sqrt{2}}{4}</math>, which means our answer is <math>\boxed{032}</math>. | ||
+ | |||
+ | ==Solution 2== | ||
+ | Construct <math>FC</math> and let <math>FC\cap AE=K</math>. Let <math>FK=x</math>. Using <math>\triangle FKE\sim \triangle BKC</math>, <cmath>BK=\frac{5}{7}x</cmath> Using <math>\triangle FDK\sim ACK</math>, it can be found taht <cmath>3x=AK=4+\frac{5}{7}x\to x=\frac{7}{4}</cmath> This also means that <math>BK=\frac{21}{4}-4=\frac{5}{4}</math>. It suffices to find <math>KE</math>. It is easy to see the following: <cmath>180-\angle ABC=\angle KBC=\angle KFE</cmath> Using reverse Law of Cosines on <math>\triangle ABC</math>, <math>\cos{\angle ABC}=\frac{1}{8}\to \cos{180-\angle ABC}=\frac{-1}{8}</math>. Using Law of Cosines on <math>\triangle EFK</math> gives <math>KE=\frac{21\sqrt 2}{4}</math>, so <math>BE=\frac{5+21\sqrt 2}{4}\to \textbf{032}</math>. | ||
==See Also== | ==See Also== | ||
{{AIME box|year=2019|n=I|num-b=12|num-a=14}} | {{AIME box|year=2019|n=I|num-b=12|num-a=14}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Revision as of 15:29, 15 March 2019
Contents
Problem 13
Triangle has side lengths , , and . Points and are on ray with . The point is a point of intersection of the circumcircles of and satisfying and . Then can be expressed as , where , , , and are positive integers such that and are relatively prime, and is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find .
Solution 1
Define to be the circumcircle of and to be the circumcircle of .
Because of exterior angles,
But because is cyclic. In addition, because is cyclic. Therefore, . But , so . Using Law of Cosines on , we can figure out that . Since , . We are given that and , so we can use Law of Cosines on to find that .
Let be the intersection of segment and . Using Power of a Point with respect to within , we find that . We can also apply Power of a Point with respect to within to find that . Therefore, .
Note that is similar to . . Also note that is similar to , which gives us . Solving this system of linear equations, we get . Now, we can solve for , which is equal to . This simplifies to , which means our answer is .
Solution 2
Construct and let . Let . Using , Using , it can be found taht This also means that . It suffices to find . It is easy to see the following: Using reverse Law of Cosines on , . Using Law of Cosines on gives , so .
See Also
2019 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 12 |
Followed by Problem 14 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
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