Difference between revisions of "2019 AIME I Problems/Problem 13"
Franchester (talk | contribs) (→Solution 2) |
(Note: I put my solution as Solution 1 as I feel like it has a diagram and is formatted well.) |
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==Solution 1== | ==Solution 1== | ||
+ | <asy> | ||
+ | size(10cm); | ||
+ | pair A, B, C, D, EE, F, X; | ||
+ | B=dir(270-aCos(9/16)); | ||
+ | C=dir(270+aCos(9/16)); | ||
+ | A=intersectionpoint(circle((0, 0), 1), (B+0.01*(1, 3sqrt(7))) -- (B+100*(1, 3sqrt(7)))); | ||
+ | D=B-5/16*(sqrt(2)+1)*(A-B); | ||
+ | EE=B-(5+21*sqrt(2))/16*(A-B); | ||
+ | F=intersectionpoints(circumcircle(A, C, D), circumcircle(B, C, EE))[0]; | ||
+ | X=extension(A, B, C, F); | ||
+ | |||
+ | draw(B -- C -- A -- EE -- F -- C); draw(D -- F); | ||
+ | draw(circumcircle(A, C, D)); draw(circumcircle(C, EE, F)); | ||
+ | |||
+ | dot("$A$", A, N); | ||
+ | dot("$B$", B, NW); | ||
+ | dot("$C$", C, E); | ||
+ | dot("$D$", D, SW); | ||
+ | dot("$E$", EE, SW); | ||
+ | dot("$F$", F, W); | ||
+ | </asy> | ||
+ | Notice that <cmath>\angle DFE=\angle CFE-\angle CFD=\angle CBE-\angle CAD=180-B-A=C.</cmath>By the Law of Cosines, <cmath>\cos C=\frac{AC^2+BC^2-AB^2}{2\cdot AC\cdot BC}=\frac34.</cmath>Then, <cmath>DE^2=DF^2+EF^2-2\cdot DF\cdot EF\cos C=32\implies DE=4\sqrt2.</cmath>Let <math>X=\overline{AB}\cap\overline{CF}</math>, <math>a=XB</math>, and <math>b=XD</math>. Then, <cmath>XA\cdot XD=XC\cdot XF=XB\cdot XE\implies b(a+4)=a(b+4\sqrt2)\implies b=a\sqrt2.</cmath>However, since <math>\triangle XFD\sim\triangle XAC</math>, <math>XF=\tfrac{4+a}3</math>, but since <math>\triangle XFE\sim\triangle XBC</math>, <cmath>\frac75=\frac{4+a}{3a}\implies a=\frac54\implies BE=a+a\sqrt2+4\sqrt2=\frac{5+21\sqrt2}4,</cmath>and the requested sum is <math>5+21+2+4=\boxed{032}</math>. | ||
+ | |||
+ | (Solution by TheUltimate123) | ||
+ | |||
+ | ==Solution 2== | ||
Define <math>\omega_1</math> to be the circumcircle of <math>\triangle ACD</math> and <math>\omega_2</math> to be the circumcircle of <math>\triangle EBC</math>. | Define <math>\omega_1</math> to be the circumcircle of <math>\triangle ACD</math> and <math>\omega_2</math> to be the circumcircle of <math>\triangle EBC</math>. | ||
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Note that <math>\triangle GAC</math> is similar to <math>\triangle GFD</math>. <math>GF = \frac{BG + 4}{3}</math>. Also note that <math>\triangle GBC</math> is similar to <math>\triangle GFE</math>, which gives us <math>GF = \frac{7 \cdot BG}{5}</math>. Solving this system of linear equations, we get <math>BG = \frac{5}{4}</math>. Now, we can solve for <math>BE</math>, which is equal to <math>BG(\sqrt{2} + 1) + 4\sqrt{2}</math>. This simplifies to <math>\frac{5 + 21\sqrt{2}}{4}</math>, which means our answer is <math>\boxed{032}</math>. | Note that <math>\triangle GAC</math> is similar to <math>\triangle GFD</math>. <math>GF = \frac{BG + 4}{3}</math>. Also note that <math>\triangle GBC</math> is similar to <math>\triangle GFE</math>, which gives us <math>GF = \frac{7 \cdot BG}{5}</math>. Solving this system of linear equations, we get <math>BG = \frac{5}{4}</math>. Now, we can solve for <math>BE</math>, which is equal to <math>BG(\sqrt{2} + 1) + 4\sqrt{2}</math>. This simplifies to <math>\frac{5 + 21\sqrt{2}}{4}</math>, which means our answer is <math>\boxed{032}</math>. | ||
− | ==Solution | + | ==Solution 3== |
Construct <math>FC</math> and let <math>FC\cap AE=K</math>. Let <math>FK=x</math>. Using <math>\triangle FKE\sim \triangle BKC</math>, <cmath>BK=\frac{5}{7}x</cmath> Using <math>\triangle FDK\sim ACK</math>, it can be found taht <cmath>3x=AK=4+\frac{5}{7}x\to x=\frac{7}{4}</cmath> This also means that <math>BK=\frac{21}{4}-4=\frac{5}{4}</math>. It suffices to find <math>KE</math>. It is easy to see the following: <cmath>180-\angle ABC=\angle KBC=\angle KFE</cmath> Using reverse Law of Cosines on <math>\triangle ABC</math>, <math>\cos{\angle ABC}=\frac{1}{8}\to \cos{180-\angle ABC}=\frac{-1}{8}</math>. Using Law of Cosines on <math>\triangle EFK</math> gives <math>KE=\frac{21\sqrt 2}{4}</math>, so <math>BE=\frac{5+21\sqrt 2}{4}\to \textbf{032}</math>. | Construct <math>FC</math> and let <math>FC\cap AE=K</math>. Let <math>FK=x</math>. Using <math>\triangle FKE\sim \triangle BKC</math>, <cmath>BK=\frac{5}{7}x</cmath> Using <math>\triangle FDK\sim ACK</math>, it can be found taht <cmath>3x=AK=4+\frac{5}{7}x\to x=\frac{7}{4}</cmath> This also means that <math>BK=\frac{21}{4}-4=\frac{5}{4}</math>. It suffices to find <math>KE</math>. It is easy to see the following: <cmath>180-\angle ABC=\angle KBC=\angle KFE</cmath> Using reverse Law of Cosines on <math>\triangle ABC</math>, <math>\cos{\angle ABC}=\frac{1}{8}\to \cos{180-\angle ABC}=\frac{-1}{8}</math>. Using Law of Cosines on <math>\triangle EFK</math> gives <math>KE=\frac{21\sqrt 2}{4}</math>, so <math>BE=\frac{5+21\sqrt 2}{4}\to \textbf{032}</math>. | ||
-franchester | -franchester |
Revision as of 20:00, 15 March 2019
Problem 13
Triangle has side lengths , , and . Points and are on ray with . The point is a point of intersection of the circumcircles of and satisfying and . Then can be expressed as , where , , , and are positive integers such that and are relatively prime, and is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find .
Solution 1
Notice that By the Law of Cosines, Then, Let , , and . Then, However, since , , but since , and the requested sum is .
(Solution by TheUltimate123)
Solution 2
Define to be the circumcircle of and to be the circumcircle of .
Because of exterior angles,
But because is cyclic. In addition, because is cyclic. Therefore, . But , so . Using Law of Cosines on , we can figure out that . Since , . We are given that and , so we can use Law of Cosines on to find that .
Let be the intersection of segment and . Using Power of a Point with respect to within , we find that . We can also apply Power of a Point with respect to within to find that . Therefore, .
Note that is similar to . . Also note that is similar to , which gives us . Solving this system of linear equations, we get . Now, we can solve for , which is equal to . This simplifies to , which means our answer is .
Solution 3
Construct and let . Let . Using , Using , it can be found taht This also means that . It suffices to find . It is easy to see the following: Using reverse Law of Cosines on , . Using Law of Cosines on gives , so . -franchester
See Also
2019 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 12 |
Followed by Problem 14 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
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