2019 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 16
Problem
In with a right angle at , point lies in the interior of and point lies in the interior of so that and the ratio . What is the ratio
Solution 1
Without loss of generality, let and . Let and . As and are isosceles, and . Then , so is a triangle with .
Then , and is a triangle.
In isosceles triangles and , drop altitudes from and onto ; denote the feet of these altitudes by and respectively. Then by AAA similarity, so we get that , and . Similarly we get , and .
Solution 2
Let , and . (For this solution, is above , and is to the right of ). Also let , so , which implies . Similarly, , which implies . This further implies that .
Now we see that . Thus is a right triangle, with side lengths of , , and (by the Pythagorean Theorem, or simply the Pythagorean triple ). Therefore (by definition), , and . Hence (by the double angle formula), giving .
By the Law of Cosines in , if , we have Now . Thus the answer is .
~IronicNinja
Solution 3
Draw a nice big diagram and measure. (Note: this strategy should only be used as a last resort!)
See Also
2019 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 15 |
Followed by Problem 17 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.