Difference between revisions of "2019 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 23"
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Therefore <math>OA = \frac{AC\cdot AD}{DC}=\sqrt{\frac{85}{8}}</math>, | Therefore <math>OA = \frac{AC\cdot AD}{DC}=\sqrt{\frac{85}{8}}</math>, | ||
and consequently, the area of the circle is <math>\pi\cdot OA^2 = \boxed{\textbf{(C) }\frac{85}{8}\pi}</math>. | and consequently, the area of the circle is <math>\pi\cdot OA^2 = \boxed{\textbf{(C) }\frac{85}{8}\pi}</math>. | ||
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+ | ==Solution 4 (Power of a Point)== | ||
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+ | Firstly, the point of intersection of the two tangent lines has an equal distance to points <math>A</math> and <math>B</math> due to power of a point theorem. This means we can easily find the point, which is <math>(5, 0)</math>. Label this point <math>X</math>. <math>\triangle{XAB}</math> is an isosceles triangle with lengths, <math>\sqrt{170}</math>, <math>\sqrt{170}</math>, and <math>2\sqrt{10}</math>. Label the midpoint of segment <math>AB</math> as <math>M</math>. The height of this triangle, or <math>\overline{XM}</math>, is <math>4\sqrt{10}</math>. Since <math>\overline{XM}</math> bisects <math>\overline{AB}</math>, <math>\overleftrightarrow{XM}</math> contains the diameter of circle <math>\omega</math>. Let the two points on circle <math>\omega</math> where <math>\overleftrightarrow{XM}</math> intersects be <math>P</math> and <math>Q</math> with <math>\overline{XP}</math> being the shorter of the two. Now let <math>\overline{MP}</math> be <math>x</math> and <math>\overline{MQ}</math> be <math>y</math>. By Power of a Point on <math>\overline{PQ}</math> and <math>\overline{AB}</math>, <math>xy = (\sqrt{10})^2 = 10</math>. Applying Power of a Point again on <math>\overline{XQ}</math> and <math>\overline{XA}</math>, <math>(4\sqrt{10}-x)(4\sqrt{10}+y)=(\sqrt{170})^2=170</math>. Expanding while using the fact that <math>xy = 10</math>, <math>y=x+\frac{\sqrt{10}}{2}</math>. Plugging this into <math>xy=10</math>, <math>2x^2+\sqrt{10}x-20=0</math>. Using the quadratic formula, <math>x = \frac{\sqrt{170}-\sqrt{10}}{4}</math>, and since <math>x+y=2x+\frac{\sqrt{10}}{2}</math>, <math>x+y=\frac{\sqrt{170}}{2}</math>. Since this is the diameter, the radius of circle <math>\omega</math> is <math>\frac{\sqrt{170}}{4}</math>, and so the area of circle <math>\omega</math> is <math>\frac{170}{16}\pi = \boxed{\textbf{(C) }\frac{85}{8}\pi}</math>. | ||
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+ | -bradleyguo | ||
==See Also== | ==See Also== |
Revision as of 18:28, 30 May 2019
- The following problem is from both the 2019 AMC 10B #23 and 2019 AMC 12B #20, so both problems redirect to this page.
Contents
Problem
Points and lie on circle in the plane. Suppose that the tangent lines to at and intersect at a point on the -axis. What is the area of ?
Solution 1
First, observe that the two tangent lines are of identical length. Therefore, supposing that the point of intersection is , the Pythagorean Theorem gives .
Further, notice (due to the right angles formed by a radius and its tangent line) that the quadrilateral (a kite) defined by the circle's center, , , and is cyclic. Therefore, we can apply Ptolemy's Theorem to give , where is the distance between the circle's center and . Therefore, . Using the Pythagorean Theorem on the triangle formed by the point , either one of or , and the circle's center, we find that , so , and thus the answer is .
Solution 2
We firstly obtain as in Solution 1. Label the point as . The midpoint of segment is . Notice that the center of the circle must lie on the line passing through the points and . Thus, the center of the circle lies on the line .
Line is . Therefore, the slope of the line perpendicular to is , so its equation is .
But notice that this line must pass through and . Hence . So the center of the circle is .
Finally, the distance between the center, , and point is . Thus the area of the circle is .
Solution 3
The midpoint of is . Let the tangent lines at and intersect at on the -axis. Then is the perpendicular bisector of . Let the center of the circle be . Then is similar to , so . The slope of is , so the slope of is . Hence, the equation of is . Letting , we have , so .
Now, we compute , , and .
Therefore , and consequently, the area of the circle is .
Solution 4 (Power of a Point)
Firstly, the point of intersection of the two tangent lines has an equal distance to points and due to power of a point theorem. This means we can easily find the point, which is . Label this point . is an isosceles triangle with lengths, , , and . Label the midpoint of segment as . The height of this triangle, or , is . Since bisects , contains the diameter of circle . Let the two points on circle where intersects be and with being the shorter of the two. Now let be and be . By Power of a Point on and , . Applying Power of a Point again on and , . Expanding while using the fact that , . Plugging this into , . Using the quadratic formula, , and since , . Since this is the diameter, the radius of circle is , and so the area of circle is .
-bradleyguo
See Also
2019 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 22 |
Followed by Problem 24 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
2019 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 19 |
Followed by Problem 21 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.