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2019 AMC 12B Problems

Revision as of 12:18, 14 February 2019 by Nivek (talk | contribs) (Problem 11)

Problem 1

Problem 2

Consider the statement, "If $n$ is not prime, then $n-2$ is prime." Which of the following values of $n$ is a counterexample to this statement. $\textbf{(A) } 11 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 15 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 19 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 21 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 27$

Problem 3

Problem 4

A positive integer $n$ satisfies the equation $(n+1)!+(n+2)!=440\cdot n!$. What is the sum of the digits of $n$? $\textbf{(A) } 2 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 5 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 10\qquad \textbf{(D) } 12 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 15$

Problem 5

Each piece of candy in a store costs a whole number of cents. Casper has exactly enough money to buy either 12 pieces of red candy, 14 pieces of green candy, 15 pieces of blue candy, or $n$ pieces of purple candy. A piece of purple candy costs 20 cents. What is the smallest possible value of $n$?

$\textbf{(A) } 18 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 21 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 24\qquad \textbf{(D) } 25 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 28$

Problem 6

In a given plane, points $A$ and $B$ are $10$ units apart. How many points $C$ are there in the plane such that the perimeter of $\triangle ABC$ is $50$ units and the area of $\triangle ABC$ is $100$ square units?

$\textbf{(A) }0\qquad\textbf{(B) }2\qquad\textbf{(C) }4\qquad\textbf{(D) }8\qquad\textbf{(E) }\text{infinitely many}$

Problem 7

What is the sum of all real numbers $x$ for which the median of the numbers $4,6,8,17,$ and $x$ is equal to the mean of those five numbers?

$\textbf{(A) } -5 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 0 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 5 \qquad\textbf{(D) } \frac{15}{4} \qquad\textbf{(E) } \frac{35}{4}$

Problem 8

Problem 9

Problem 10

Problem 11

How many unordered pairs of edges of a given cube determine a plane?

$\textbf{(A) } 12 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 28 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 36\qquad \textbf{(D) } 42 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 66$

Problem 12

Problem 13

Problem 14

Let $S$ be the set of all positive integer divisors of $100,000.$ How many numbers are the product of two distinct elements of $S?$

$\textbf{(A) }98\qquad\textbf{(B) }100\qquad\textbf{(C) }117\qquad\textbf{(D) }119\qquad\textbf{(E) }121$

Problem 15

Problem 16

There are lily pads in a row numbered 0 to 11, in that order. There are predators on lily pads 3 and 6, and a morsel of food on lily pad 10. Fiona the frog starts on pad 0, and from any given lily pad, has a $\tfrac{1}{2}$ chance to hop to the next pad, and an equal chance to jump 2 pads. What is the probability that Fiona reaches pad 10 without landing on either pad 3 or pad 6?

$\textbf{(A) } \frac{15}{256} \qquad \textbf{(B) } \frac{1}{16} \qquad \textbf{(C) } \frac{15}{128}\qquad \textbf{(D) } \frac{1}{8} \qquad \textbf{(E) } \frac14$

Problem 17

How many nonzero complex numbers $z$ have the property that $0, z,$ and $z^3,$ when represented by points in the complex plane, are the three distinct vertices of an equilateral triangle?

$\textbf{(A) }0\qquad\textbf{(B) }1\qquad\textbf{(C) }2\qquad\textbf{(D) }4\qquad\textbf{(E) }\text{infinitely many}$

Problem 18

Square pyramid $ABCDE$ has base $ABCD,$ which measures $3$ cm on a side, and altitude $\overline{AE}$ perpendicular to the base$,$ which measures $6$ cm. Point $P$ lies on $\overline{BE},$ one third of the way from $B$ to $E;$ point $Q$ lies on $\overline{DE},$ one third of the way from $D$ to $E;$ and point $R$ lies on $\overline{CE},$ two thirds of the way from $C$ to $E.$ What is the area, in square centimeters, of $\triangle PQR?$

$\textbf{(A) } \frac{3\sqrt2}{2} \qquad\textbf{(B) } \frac{3\sqrt3}{2} \qquad\textbf{(C) } 2\sqrt2 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 2\sqrt3 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 3\sqrt2$

Problem 19

Problem 20

Points $A(6,13)$ and $B(12,11)$ lie on circle $\omega$ in the plane. Suppose that the tangent lines to $\omega$ at $A$ and $B$ intersect at a point on the $x$-axis. What is the area of $\omega$?

$\textbf{(A) }\frac{83\pi}{8}\qquad\textbf{(B) }\frac{21\pi}{2}\qquad\textbf{(C) } \frac{85\pi}{8}\qquad\textbf{(D) }\frac{43\pi}{4}\qquad\textbf{(E) }\frac{87\pi}{8}$

Problem 21

How many quadratic polynomials with real coefficients are there such that the set of roots equals the set of coefficients? (For clarification: If the polynomial is $ax^2+bx+c,a\neq 0,$ and the roots are $r$ and $s,$ then the requirement is that $\{a,b,c\}=\{r,s\}$.)

$\textbf{(A) } 3 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 4 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 5 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 6 \qquad\textbf{(E) } \text{infinitely many}$

Problem 22

Define a sequence recursively by $x_0=5$ and \[x_{n+1}=\frac{x_n^2+5x_n+4}{x_n+6}\]for all nonnegative integers $n.$ Let $m$ be the least positive integer such that \[x_m\leq 4+\frac{1}{2^{20}}.\]In which of the following intervals does $m$ lie?

$\textbf{(A) } [9,26] \qquad\textbf{(B) } [27,80] \qquad\textbf{(C) } [81,242]\qquad\textbf{(D) } [243,728] \qquad\textbf{(E) } [729,\infty]$

Problem 23

Problem 24

Let $\omega=-\tfrac{1}{2}+\tfrac{1}{2}i\sqrt3.$ Let $S$ denote all points in the complex plane of the form $a+b\omega+c\omega^2,$ where $0\leq a \leq 1,0\leq b\leq 1,$ and $0\leq c\leq 1.$ What is the area of $S$? $\textbf{(A) } \frac{1}{2}\sqrt3 \qquad\textbf{(B) } \frac{3}{4}\sqrt3 \qquad\textbf{(C) } \frac{3}{2}\sqrt3\qquad\textbf{(D) } \frac{1}{2}\pi\sqrt3 \qquad\textbf{(E) } \pi$

Problem 25

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