Difference between revisions of "2019 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 12"

m (Solution 1: Fixed typo.)
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Observe that the "equal perimeter" part implies that <math>BC + BA = 2 = CD + DA</math>. A quick Pythagorean chase gives <math>CD = \frac{1}{2}, DA = \frac{3}{2}</math>.
 
Observe that the "equal perimeter" part implies that <math>BC + BA = 2 = CD + DA</math>. A quick Pythagorean chase gives <math>CD = \frac{1}{2}, DA = \frac{3}{2}</math>.
Use the sine addition formula on angles <math>BAC</math> and <math>CAD</math> (which requires finding their cosines as well), and this gives the sine of <math>BAD</math>. Now, use <math>\sin{2x} = 2\sin{x}\cos{x}</math> on angle <math>BAD</math> to get <math>\boxed{\textbf{(D) }\frac{7}{9}}</math>.
+
Use the sine addition formula on angles <math>BAC</math> and <math>CAD</math> (which requires finding their cosines as well), and this gives the sine of <math>BAD</math>. Now, use <math>\sin{2x} = 2\sin{x}\cos{x}</math> on angle <math>BAD</math> to get <math>\boxed{\textbf{(D)} = \frac{7}{9}}</math>.
  
 
Feel free to elaborate if necessary.
 
Feel free to elaborate if necessary.

Revision as of 15:44, 14 February 2019

Problem

Right triangle $ACD$ with right angle at $C$ is constructed outward on the hypotenuse $AC$ of isosceles right triangle $ABC$ with leg length 1, as shown, so that the two triangles have equal perimeters. What is sin(2 BAD)?

Would you please fix the Latex above? Thanks.

!! Someone with good picture-drawing skills please help !!

$\textbf{(A) } \frac{1}{3} \qquad\textbf{(B) } \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2} \qquad\textbf{(C) } \frac{3}{4} \qquad\textbf{(D) } \frac{7}{9} \qquad\textbf{(E) } \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$

Solution 1

Observe that the "equal perimeter" part implies that $BC + BA = 2 = CD + DA$. A quick Pythagorean chase gives $CD = \frac{1}{2}, DA = \frac{3}{2}$. Use the sine addition formula on angles $BAC$ and $CAD$ (which requires finding their cosines as well), and this gives the sine of $BAD$. Now, use $\sin{2x} = 2\sin{x}\cos{x}$ on angle $BAD$ to get $\boxed{\textbf{(D)} = \frac{7}{9}}$.

Feel free to elaborate if necessary.

Solution 2

D 7/9 (SuperWill)

See Also

2019 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 11
Followed by
Problem 13
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions
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