Difference between revisions of "2019 IMO Problems/Problem 3"

(Created page with "== Problem == A social network has <math>2019</math> users, some pairs of whom are friends. Whenever user <math>A</math> is friends with user <math>B</math>, user <math>B</mat...")
 
(Problem)
 
Line 3: Line 3:
 
Three users <math>A</math>, <math>B</math>, and <math>C</math> such that <math>A</math> is friends with both <math>B</math> and <math>C</math>, but <math>B</math> and <math>C</math> are not friends, change their friendship statuses such that <math>B</math> and <math>C</math> are now friends, but <math>A</math> is no longer friends with <math>B</math>, and no longer friends with <math>C</math>. All other friendship statuses are unchanged.
 
Three users <math>A</math>, <math>B</math>, and <math>C</math> such that <math>A</math> is friends with both <math>B</math> and <math>C</math>, but <math>B</math> and <math>C</math> are not friends, change their friendship statuses such that <math>B</math> and <math>C</math> are now friends, but <math>A</math> is no longer friends with <math>B</math>, and no longer friends with <math>C</math>. All other friendship statuses are unchanged.
 
Initially, <math>1010</math> users have <math>1009</math> friends each, and <math>1009</math> users have <math>1010</math> friends each. Prove that there exists a sequence of such events after which each user is friends with at most one other user.
 
Initially, <math>1010</math> users have <math>1009</math> friends each, and <math>1009</math> users have <math>1010</math> friends each. Prove that there exists a sequence of such events after which each user is friends with at most one other user.
 +
 +
=VIDEO SOLUTION =
 +
https://youtu.be/p16MaqdvBQQ

Latest revision as of 02:58, 16 September 2020

Problem

A social network has $2019$ users, some pairs of whom are friends. Whenever user $A$ is friends with user $B$, user $B$ is also friends with user $A$. Events of the following kind may happen repeatedly, one at a time: Three users $A$, $B$, and $C$ such that $A$ is friends with both $B$ and $C$, but $B$ and $C$ are not friends, change their friendship statuses such that $B$ and $C$ are now friends, but $A$ is no longer friends with $B$, and no longer friends with $C$. All other friendship statuses are unchanged. Initially, $1010$ users have $1009$ friends each, and $1009$ users have $1010$ friends each. Prove that there exists a sequence of such events after which each user is friends with at most one other user.

VIDEO SOLUTION

https://youtu.be/p16MaqdvBQQ

Invalid username
Login to AoPS