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Difference between revisions of "2020 AIME II Problems/Problem 1"

Problem

Find the number of ordered pairs of positive integers $(m,n)$ such that ${m^2n = 20 ^{20}}$.

Solution

First, we find the prime factorization of $20^{20}$, which is $2^{40}\times5^{20}$. The equation ${m^2n = 20 ^{20}}$ tells us that we want to select a perfect square factor of $20^{20}$, $m^2$. $n$ will be assigned by default. There are $21\times11=231$ ways to select a perfect square factor of $20^{20}$, thus our answer is $\boxed{231}$.

~superagh

Solution 2 (Official MAA)

Because $20^{20}=2^{40}5^{20}$, if $m^2n = 20^{20}$, there must be nonnegative integers $a$, $b$, $c$, and $d$ such that $m = 2^a5^b$ and $n = 2^c5^d$. Then $$2a + c = 40$$ and $$2b+d = 20$$ The first equation has $21$ solutions corresponding to $a = 0,1,2,\dots,20$, and the second equation has $11$ solutions corresponding to $b = 0,1,2,\dots,10$. Therefore there are a total of $21\cdot11 = 231$ ordered pairs $(m,n)$ such that $m^2n = 20^{20}$.

Video Solution

~IceMatrix

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