Difference between revisions of "2020 AIME I Problems/Problem 12"
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Lifting the Exponent shows that <cmath>v_3(149^n-2^n) = v_3(n) + v_3(147) = v_3(n)+1</cmath> so thus, <math>3^2</math> divides <math>n</math>. It also shows that <cmath>v_7(149^n-2^n) = v_7(n) + v_7(147) = v_7(n)+2</cmath> so thus, <math>7^5</math> divides <math>n</math>. | Lifting the Exponent shows that <cmath>v_3(149^n-2^n) = v_3(n) + v_3(147) = v_3(n)+1</cmath> so thus, <math>3^2</math> divides <math>n</math>. It also shows that <cmath>v_7(149^n-2^n) = v_7(n) + v_7(147) = v_7(n)+2</cmath> so thus, <math>7^5</math> divides <math>n</math>. | ||
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Now, multiplying <math>n</math> by <math>4</math>, we see <cmath>v_5(149^{4n}-2^{4n}) = v_5(149^{4n}-16^{n})</cmath> and since <math>145^{4} \equiv 1 \pmod{25}</math> and <math>16^1 \equiv 16 \pmod{25}</math> then <math>v_5(149^{4n}-2^{4n})=1</math> meaning that we have that by LTE, <math>4 \cdot 5^4</math> divides <math>n</math>. | Now, multiplying <math>n</math> by <math>4</math>, we see <cmath>v_5(149^{4n}-2^{4n}) = v_5(149^{4n}-16^{n})</cmath> and since <math>145^{4} \equiv 1 \pmod{25}</math> and <math>16^1 \equiv 16 \pmod{25}</math> then <math>v_5(149^{4n}-2^{4n})=1</math> meaning that we have that by LTE, <math>4 \cdot 5^4</math> divides <math>n</math>. |
Revision as of 16:14, 12 March 2020
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Problem
Let be the least positive integer for which is divisible by Find the number of positive integer divisors of
Solution
Lifting the Exponent shows that so thus, divides . It also shows that so thus, divides .
Now, multiplying by , we see and since and then meaning that we have that by LTE, divides .
Since , and all divide , the smallest value of working is their LCM, also . Thus the number of divisors is .
See Also
2020 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 11 |
Followed by Problem 13 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
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