Difference between revisions of "2020 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 20"

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==Solution 2 (Pro Guessing Strats)==
 
==Solution 2 (Pro Guessing Strats)==
We know that the big triangle has area 300. Use the answer choices which would mean that the area of the little triangle is a multiple of 10. Thus the product of the legs is a multiple of 20. Guess that the legs are equal to <math>\sqrt{20a}</math> and <math>\sqrt{20b}</math>, and because the hypotenuse is 20 we get <math>a+b=20</math>. Testing small numbers, we get that when <math>a=2</math> and <math>b=18</math>, <math>ab</math> is indeed a square. The area of the triangle is thus 60, so the answer is <math>\boxed {\textbf{D) }360}</math>.
+
We know that the big triangle has area 300. Use the answer choices which would mean that the area of the little triangle is a multiple of 10. Thus the product of the legs is a multiple of 20. Guess that the legs are equal to <math>\sqrt{20a}</math> and <math>\sqrt{20b}</math>, and because the hypotenuse is 20 we get <math>a+b=20</math>. Testing small numbers, we get that when <math>a=2</math> and <math>b=18</math>, <math>ab</math> is indeed a square. The area of the triangle is thus 60, so the answer is <math>\boxed {\textbf{(D) }360}</math>.
  
 
~tigershark22
 
~tigershark22

Revision as of 19:40, 1 February 2020

Problem

Quadrilateral $ABCD$ satisfies $\angle ABC = \angle ACD = 90^{\circ}, AC=20,$ and $CD=30.$ Diagonals $\overline{AC}$ and $\overline{BD}$ intersect at point $E,$ and $AE=5.$ What is the area of quadrilateral $ABCD?$

$\textbf{(A) } 330 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 340 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 350 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 360 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 370$

Solution 1 (Just Drop An Altitude)

It's crucial to draw a good diagram for this one. Since $AC=20$ and $CD=30$, we get $[ACD]=300$. Now we need to find $[ABC]$ to get the area of the whole quadrilateral. Drop an altitude from $B$ to $AC$ and call the point of intersection $F$. Let $FE=x$. Since $AE=5$, then $AF=5-x$. By dropping this altitude, we can also see two similar triangles, $BFE$ and $DCE$. Since $EC$ is $20-5=15$, and $DC=30$, we get that $BF=2x$. Now, if we redraw another diagram just of $ABC$, we get that $(2x)^2=(5-x)(15+x)$. Now expanding, simplifying, and dividing by the GCF, we get $x^2+2x-15=0$. This factors to $(x+5)(x-3)$. Since lengths cannot be negative, $x=3$. Since $x=3$, $[ABC]=60$. So $[ABCD]=[ACD]+[ABC]=300+60=\boxed {\textbf{(D) }360}$

(I'm very sorry if you're a visual learner)

~Ultraman

Solution 2 (Pro Guessing Strats)

We know that the big triangle has area 300. Use the answer choices which would mean that the area of the little triangle is a multiple of 10. Thus the product of the legs is a multiple of 20. Guess that the legs are equal to $\sqrt{20a}$ and $\sqrt{20b}$, and because the hypotenuse is 20 we get $a+b=20$. Testing small numbers, we get that when $a=2$ and $b=18$, $ab$ is indeed a square. The area of the triangle is thus 60, so the answer is $\boxed {\textbf{(D) }360}$.

~tigershark22 ~(edited by HappyHuman)

Solution 3 (coordinates)

[asy] draw((10,30)--(10,0)--(-8,-6)--(-10,0)--(10,30)); draw(circle((0,0),10)); label("D",(10,30),N); label("C",(10,0),E); label("B",(-8,-6),S); label("A",(-10,0),W); [/asy] Let the points be $A(-10,0)$, $\:B(x,y)$, $\:C(10,0)$, $\:D(10,30)$,and $\:E(-5,0)$, respectively. Since $B$ lies on line $DE$, we know that $y=2x+10$. Furthermore, since $\angle{ABC}=90^\circ$, $B$ lies on the circle with diameter $AC$, so $x^2+y^2=100$. Solving for $x$ and $y$ with these equations, we get the solutions $(0,10)$ and $(-8,-6)$. We immediately discard the $(0,10)$ solution as $y$ should be negative. Thus, we conclude that $[ABCD]=[ACD]+[ABC]=\frac{20\cdot30}{2}+\frac{20\cdot6}{2}=\boxed{\textbf{(D)}\:360}$.

Solution 4 (Trigonometry)

Using the law of cosines, express $AB^2$ and $BC^2$ in terms of $\angle{AEB}$. The sum of these two equations is $AC^2$ by the Pythagorean Theorem. Solving for $BE$, and using the fact that $cos\angle{AEB}=\frac{1}{\sqrt5}$, we find $BE=3\sqrt5$. Since $EC=15$ and $DC=30$, $DE=15\sqrt3$, which is five times $BE$, $[ABCD]=[ACD]+\frac{1}{5}[ACD]=300+60=\boxed {\textbf{D) }360}$

(This solution is incomplete, can someone complete it please-Lingjun) Latex edited by kc5170

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/RKlG6oZq9so

~IceMatrix


See Also

2020 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 19
Followed by
Problem 21
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2020 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 17
Followed by
Problem 19
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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