Difference between revisions of "2020 AMC 10B Problems"
(→Problem 1) |
m (→Problem 20) |
||
(33 intermediate revisions by 12 users not shown) | |||
Line 8: | Line 8: | ||
[[2020 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 1|Solution]] | [[2020 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 1|Solution]] | ||
− | |||
− | |||
==Problem 2== | ==Problem 2== | ||
− | + | Carl has <math>5</math> cubes each having side length <math>1</math>, and Kate has <math>5</math> cubes each having side length <math>2</math>. What is the total volume of these <math>10</math> cubes? | |
<math>\textbf{(A)}\ 24 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 25 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 28 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 40 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 45</math> | <math>\textbf{(A)}\ 24 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 25 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 28 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 40 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 45</math> | ||
+ | |||
+ | [[2020 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 2|Solution]] | ||
==Problem 3== | ==Problem 3== | ||
Line 67: | Line 67: | ||
==Problem 9== | ==Problem 9== | ||
− | + | For how many ordered pairs of integers <math>(x,y)</math> satisfy the equation <cmath>x^{2020} + y^2 = 2y?</cmath> | |
<math>\textbf{(A)}\ 1 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 3 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{infinitely many}</math> | <math>\textbf{(A)}\ 1 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 3 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{infinitely many}</math> | ||
Line 75: | Line 75: | ||
==Problem 10== | ==Problem 10== | ||
− | A three-quarter sector of a circle of radius <math>4</math> inches | + | A three-quarter sector of a circle of radius <math>4</math> inches along with its interior is the 2-D net that forms the lateral surface area of a right circular cone by taping together along the two radii shown. What is the volume of the cone in cubic inches? |
<asy> | <asy> | ||
− | draw(Arc((0,0), | + | draw(Arc((0,0), 3, 0, 270)); |
− | draw((0,- | + | draw((0,-3)--(0,0)--(3,0)); |
label("$4$", (2,0), S); | label("$4$", (2,0), S); | ||
+ | |||
</asy> | </asy> | ||
Line 89: | Line 90: | ||
==Problem 11== | ==Problem 11== | ||
− | Ms.Carr asks her students to | + | Ms. Carr asks her students to select 5 of the 10 books to read on her classroom reading list. Harold randomly selects 5 books from this list, and Betty does the same. What is the probability that there are exactly 2 books that they both select? |
<math>\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{8} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{5}{36} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{14}{45} \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{25}{63} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{1}{2}</math> | <math>\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{8} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{5}{36} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{14}{45} \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{25}{63} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{1}{2}</math> | ||
Line 106: | Line 107: | ||
==Problem 13== | ==Problem 13== | ||
− | Andy the Ant lives on a coordinate plane and is currently at <math>(-20, 20)</math> facing east (that is, in the positive <math>x</math>-direction). Andy moves <math>1</math> unit and then turns <math>90^{\circ}</math> | + | Andy the Ant lives on a coordinate plane and is currently at <math>(-20, 20)</math> facing east (that is, in the positive <math>x</math>-direction). Andy moves <math>1</math> unit and then turns <math>90^{\circ}</math> left. From there, Andy moves <math>2</math> units (north) and then turns <math>90^{\circ}</math> left. He then moves <math>3</math> units (west) and again turns <math>90^{\circ}</math> left. Andy continues his progress, increasing his distance each time by <math>1</math> unit and always turning left. What is the location of the point at which Andy makes the <math>2020</math>th left turn? |
<math>\textbf{(A)}\ (-1030, -994)\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ (-1030, -990)\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ (-1026, -994)\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ (-1026, -990)\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ (-1022, -994)</math> | <math>\textbf{(A)}\ (-1030, -994)\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ (-1030, -990)\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ (-1026, -994)\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ (-1026, -990)\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ (-1022, -994)</math> | ||
Line 117: | Line 118: | ||
<asy> | <asy> | ||
− | + | size(140); | |
− | + | fill((1,0)--(3,0)--(4,sqrt(3))--(3,2sqrt(3))--(1,2sqrt(3))--(0,sqrt(3))--cycle,gray(0.4)); | |
− | + | fill(arc((2,0),1,180,0)--(2,0)--cycle,white); | |
− | + | fill(arc((3.5,sqrt(3)/2),1,60,240)--(3.5,sqrt(3)/2)--cycle,white); | |
− | + | fill(arc((3.5,3sqrt(3)/2),1,120,300)--(3.5,3sqrt(3)/2)--cycle,white); | |
− | + | fill(arc((2,2sqrt(3)),1,180,360)--(2,2sqrt(3))--cycle,white); | |
− | + | fill(arc((0.5,3sqrt(3)/2),1,240,420)--(0.5,3sqrt(3)/2)--cycle,white); | |
− | + | fill(arc((0.5,sqrt(3)/2),1,300,480)--(0.5,sqrt(3)/2)--cycle,white); | |
− | + | draw((1,0)--(3,0)--(4,sqrt(3))--(3,2sqrt(3))--(1,2sqrt(3))--(0,sqrt(3))--(1,0)); | |
− | + | draw(arc((2,0),1,180,0)--(2,0)--cycle); | |
− | + | draw(arc((3.5,sqrt(3)/2),1,60,240)--(3.5,sqrt(3)/2)--cycle); | |
− | + | draw(arc((3.5,3sqrt(3)/2),1,120,300)--(3.5,3sqrt(3)/2)--cycle); | |
− | + | draw(arc((2,2sqrt(3)),1,180,360)--(2,2sqrt(3))--cycle); | |
+ | draw(arc((0.5,3sqrt(3)/2),1,240,420)--(0.5,3sqrt(3)/2)--cycle); | ||
+ | draw(arc((0.5,sqrt(3)/2),1,300,480)--(0.5,sqrt(3)/2)--cycle); | ||
+ | label("$2$",(3.5,3sqrt(3)/2),NE); | ||
+ | </asy> | ||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
<math> \textbf {(A) } 6\sqrt{3}-3\pi \qquad \textbf {(B) } \frac{9\sqrt{3}}{2} - 2\pi\ \qquad \textbf {(C) } \frac{3\sqrt{3}}{2} - \frac{\pi}{3} \qquad \textbf {(D) } 3\sqrt{3} - \pi \qquad \textbf {(E) } \frac{9\sqrt{3}}{2} - \pi </math> | <math> \textbf {(A) } 6\sqrt{3}-3\pi \qquad \textbf {(B) } \frac{9\sqrt{3}}{2} - 2\pi\ \qquad \textbf {(C) } \frac{3\sqrt{3}}{2} - \frac{\pi}{3} \qquad \textbf {(D) } 3\sqrt{3} - \pi \qquad \textbf {(E) } \frac{9\sqrt{3}}{2} - \pi </math> | ||
+ | |||
[[2020 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 14|Solution]] | [[2020 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 14|Solution]] | ||
Line 163: | Line 153: | ||
Bela and Jenn play the following game on the closed interval <math>[0, n]</math> of the real number line, where <math>n</math> is a fixed integer greater than <math>4</math>. They take turns playing, with Bela going first. At his first turn, Bela chooses any real number in the interval <math>[0, n]</math>. Thereafter, the player whose turn it is chooses a real number that is more than one unit away from all numbers previously chosen by either player. A player unable to choose such a number loses. Using optimal strategy, which player will win the game? | Bela and Jenn play the following game on the closed interval <math>[0, n]</math> of the real number line, where <math>n</math> is a fixed integer greater than <math>4</math>. They take turns playing, with Bela going first. At his first turn, Bela chooses any real number in the interval <math>[0, n]</math>. Thereafter, the player whose turn it is chooses a real number that is more than one unit away from all numbers previously chosen by either player. A player unable to choose such a number loses. Using optimal strategy, which player will win the game? | ||
− | <math>\textbf{(A)} \text{ Bela will always win.} \qquad \textbf{(B)} \text{ Jenn will always win.} \qquad \textbf{(C)} \text{Bela will win if and only if }n \text{ is odd.}</math> | + | <math>\textbf{(A)} \text{ Bela will always win.} \qquad \textbf{(B)} \text{ Jenn will always win.} \qquad \textbf{(C)} \text{ Bela will win if and only if }n \text{ is odd.}</math> |
− | <math>\textbf{(D)} \text{Jenn will win if and only if }n \text{ is odd.} \qquad \textbf{(E)} \text { Jenn will win if and only if } n>8.</math> | + | <math>\textbf{(D)} \text{ Jenn will win if and only if }n \text{ is odd.} \qquad \textbf{(E)} \text { Jenn will win if and only if } n>8.</math> |
[[2020 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 16|Solution]] | [[2020 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 16|Solution]] | ||
Line 194: | Line 184: | ||
==Problem 20== | ==Problem 20== | ||
− | Let <math>B</math> be a right rectangular prism (box) with edges lengths <math>1,</math> <math>3,</math> and <math>4</math>, together with its interior. For real <math>r\geq0</math>, let <math>S(r)</math> be the set of points in <math>3</math>-dimensional space that lie within a distance <math>r</math> of some point <math>B</math>. The volume of <math>S(r)</math> can be expressed as <math>ar^{3} + br^{2} + cr +d</math>, where <math>a,</math> <math>b,</math> <math>c,</math> and <math>d</math> are positive real numbers. What is <math>\frac{bc}{ad}?</math> | + | Let <math>B</math> be a right rectangular prism (box) with edges lengths <math>1,</math> <math>3,</math> and <math>4</math>, together with its interior. For real <math>r\geq0</math>, let <math>S(r)</math> be the set of points in <math>3</math>-dimensional space that lie within a distance <math>r</math> of some point in <math>B</math>. The volume of <math>S(r)</math> can be expressed as <math>ar^{3} + br^{2} + cr +d</math>, where <math>a,</math> <math>b,</math> <math>c,</math> and <math>d</math> are positive real numbers. What is <math>\frac{bc}{ad}?</math> |
<math>\textbf{(A) } 6 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 19 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 24 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 26 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 38</math> | <math>\textbf{(A) } 6 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 19 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 24 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 26 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 38</math> | ||
Line 252: | Line 242: | ||
Square <math>ABCD</math> in the coordinate plane has vertices at the points <math>A(1,1), B(-1,1), C(-1,-1),</math> and <math>D(1,-1).</math> Consider the following four transformations: | Square <math>ABCD</math> in the coordinate plane has vertices at the points <math>A(1,1), B(-1,1), C(-1,-1),</math> and <math>D(1,-1).</math> Consider the following four transformations: | ||
− | <math>L,</math> a rotation of <math>90^{\circ}</math> counterclockwise around the origin; | + | |
− | <math>R,</math> a rotation of <math>90^{\circ}</math> clockwise around the origin; | + | |
− | <math>H,</math> a reflection across the <math>x</math>-axis; and | + | <math>L,</math> a rotation of <math>90^{\circ}</math> counterclockwise around the origin; |
− | <math>V,</math> a reflection across the <math>y</math>-axis. | + | |
+ | <math>R,</math> a rotation of <math>90^{\circ}</math> clockwise around the origin; | ||
+ | |||
+ | <math>H,</math> a reflection across the <math>x</math>-axis; and | ||
+ | |||
+ | <math>V,</math> a reflection across the <math>y</math>-axis. | ||
+ | |||
Each of these transformations maps the squares onto itself, but the positions of the labeled vertices will change. For example, applying <math>R</math> and then <math>V</math> would send the vertex <math>A</math> at <math>(1,1)</math> to <math>(-1,-1)</math> and would send the vertex <math>B</math> at <math>(-1,1)</math> to itself. How many sequences of <math>20</math> transformations chosen from <math>\{L, R, H, V\}</math> will send all of the labeled vertices back to their original positions? (For example, <math>R, R, V, H</math> is one sequence of <math>4</math> transformations that will send the vertices back to their original positions.) | Each of these transformations maps the squares onto itself, but the positions of the labeled vertices will change. For example, applying <math>R</math> and then <math>V</math> would send the vertex <math>A</math> at <math>(1,1)</math> to <math>(-1,-1)</math> and would send the vertex <math>B</math> at <math>(-1,1)</math> to itself. How many sequences of <math>20</math> transformations chosen from <math>\{L, R, H, V\}</math> will send all of the labeled vertices back to their original positions? (For example, <math>R, R, V, H</math> is one sequence of <math>4</math> transformations that will send the vertices back to their original positions.) | ||
Line 265: | Line 261: | ||
==Problem 24== | ==Problem 24== | ||
− | How many positive integers <math>n</math> satisfy<cmath>\dfrac{n+1000}{70} = \lfloor \sqrt{n} \rfloor?</cmath>(Recall that <math>\lfloor x\rfloor</math> is the greatest integer not exceeding <math>x</math>.) | + | How many positive integers <math>n</math> satisfy<cmath>\dfrac{n+1000}{70} = \lfloor \sqrt{n} \rfloor? |
+ | |||
+ | </cmath>(Recall that <math>\lfloor x\rfloor</math> is the greatest integer not exceeding <math>x</math>.) | ||
<math>\textbf{(A) } 2 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 4 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 6 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 30 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 32</math> | <math>\textbf{(A) } 2 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 4 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 6 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 30 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 32</math> | ||
Line 273: | Line 271: | ||
==Problem 25== | ==Problem 25== | ||
− | Let <math>D(n)</math> denote the number of ways of writing the positive integer <math>n</math> as a product<cmath>n = f_1\cdot f_2\cdots f_k,</cmath>where <math>k\ge1</math>, the <math>f_i</math> are integers strictly greater than <math>1</math>, and the order in which the factors are listed matters (that is, two representations that differ only in the order of the factors are counted as distinct). For example, the number <math>6</math> can be written as <math>6</math>, <math>2\cdot 3</math>, and <math>3\cdot2</math>, so <math>D(6) = 3</math>. What is <math>D(96)</math>? | + | Let <math>D(n)</math> denote the number of ways of writing the positive integer <math>n</math> as a product<cmath>n = f_1\cdot f_2\cdots f_k,</cmath> |
+ | |||
+ | where <math>k\ge1</math>, the <math>f_i</math> are integers strictly greater than <math>1</math>, and the order in which the factors are listed matters (that is, two representations that differ only in the order of the factors are counted as distinct). For example, the number <math>6</math> can be written as <math>6</math>, <math>2\cdot 3</math>, and <math>3\cdot2</math>, so <math>D(6) = 3</math>. What is <math>D(96)</math>? | ||
<math>\textbf{(A) } 112 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 128 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 144 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 172 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 184</math> | <math>\textbf{(A) } 112 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 128 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 144 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 172 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 184</math> |
Latest revision as of 19:25, 31 January 2021
2020 AMC 10B (Answer Key) Printable version: | AoPS Resources • PDF | ||
Instructions
| ||
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 |
Contents
- 1 Problem 1
- 2 Problem 2
- 3 Problem 3
- 4 Problem 4
- 5 Problem 5
- 6 Problem 6
- 7 Problem 7
- 8 Problem 8
- 9 Problem 9
- 10 Problem 10
- 11 Problem 11
- 12 Problem 12
- 13 Problem 13
- 14 Problem 14
- 15 Problem 15
- 16 Problem 16
- 17 Problem 17
- 18 Problem 18
- 19 Problem 19
- 20 Problem 20
- 21 Problem 21
- 22 Problem 22
- 23 Problem 23
- 24 Problem 24
- 25 Problem 25
- 26 See also
Problem 1
What is the value of
Problem 2
Carl has cubes each having side length , and Kate has cubes each having side length . What is the total volume of these cubes?
Problem 3
The ratio of to is , the ratio of to is , and the ratio of to is . What is the ratio of to
Problem 4
The acute angles of a right triangle are and , where and both and are prime numbers. What is the least possible value of ?
Problem 5
How many distinguishable arrangements are there of 1 brown tile, 1 purple tile, 2 green tiles, and 3 yellow tiles in a row from left to right? (Tiles of the same color are indistinguishable.)
Problem 6
Driving along a highway, Megan noticed that her odometer showed (miles). This number is a palindrome-it reads the same forward and backward. Then hours later, the odometer displayed the next higher palindrome. What was her average speed, in miles per hour, during this -hour period?
Problem 7
How many positive even multiples of less than are perfect squares?
Problem 8
Points and lie in a plane with . How many locations for point in this plane are there such that the triangle with vertices , , and is a right triangle with area square units?
Problem 9
For how many ordered pairs of integers satisfy the equation
Problem 10
A three-quarter sector of a circle of radius inches along with its interior is the 2-D net that forms the lateral surface area of a right circular cone by taping together along the two radii shown. What is the volume of the cone in cubic inches?
Problem 11
Ms. Carr asks her students to select 5 of the 10 books to read on her classroom reading list. Harold randomly selects 5 books from this list, and Betty does the same. What is the probability that there are exactly 2 books that they both select?
Problem 12
The decimal representation of consists of a string of zeros after the decimal point, followed by a and then several more digits. How many zeros are in that initial string of zeros after the decimal point?
Problem 13
Andy the Ant lives on a coordinate plane and is currently at facing east (that is, in the positive -direction). Andy moves unit and then turns left. From there, Andy moves units (north) and then turns left. He then moves units (west) and again turns left. Andy continues his progress, increasing his distance each time by unit and always turning left. What is the location of the point at which Andy makes the th left turn?
Problem 14
As shown in the figure below, six semicircles lie in the interior of a regular hexagon with side length 2 so that the diameters of the semicircles coincide with the sides of the hexagon. What is the area of the shaded region — inside the hexagon but outside all of the semicircles?
Problem 15
Steve wrote the digits , , , , and in order repeatedly from left to right, forming a list of digits, beginning He then erased every third digit from his list (that is, the rd, th, th, digits from the left), then erased every fourth digit from the resulting list (that is, the th, th, th, digits from the left in what remained), and then erased every fifth digit from what remained at that point. What is the sum of the three digits that were then in the positions ?
Problem 16
Bela and Jenn play the following game on the closed interval of the real number line, where is a fixed integer greater than . They take turns playing, with Bela going first. At his first turn, Bela chooses any real number in the interval . Thereafter, the player whose turn it is chooses a real number that is more than one unit away from all numbers previously chosen by either player. A player unable to choose such a number loses. Using optimal strategy, which player will win the game?
Problem 17
There are people standing equally spaced around a circle. Each person knows exactly of the other people: the people standing next to her or him, as well as the person directly across the circle. How many ways are there for the people to split up into pairs so that the members of each pair know each other?
Problem 18
An urn contains one red ball and one blue ball. A box of extra red and blue balls lie nearby. George performs the following operation four times: he draws a ball from the urn at random and then takes a ball of the same color from the box and returns those two matching balls to the urn. After the four iterations the urn contains six balls. What is the probability that the urn contains three balls of each color?
Problem 19
In a certain card game, a player is dealt a hand of cards from a deck of distinct cards. The number of distinct (unordered) hands that can be dealt to the player can be written as . What is the digit ?
Problem 20
Let be a right rectangular prism (box) with edges lengths and , together with its interior. For real , let be the set of points in -dimensional space that lie within a distance of some point in . The volume of can be expressed as , where and are positive real numbers. What is
Problem 21
In square , points and lie on and , respectively, so that Points and lie on and , respectively, and points and lie on so that and . See the figure below. Triangle , quadrilateral , quadrilateral , and pentagon each has area What is ?
Problem 22
What is the remainder when is divided by ?
Problem 23
Square in the coordinate plane has vertices at the points and Consider the following four transformations:
a rotation of counterclockwise around the origin;
a rotation of clockwise around the origin;
a reflection across the -axis; and
a reflection across the -axis.
Each of these transformations maps the squares onto itself, but the positions of the labeled vertices will change. For example, applying and then would send the vertex at to and would send the vertex at to itself. How many sequences of transformations chosen from will send all of the labeled vertices back to their original positions? (For example, is one sequence of transformations that will send the vertices back to their original positions.)
Problem 24
How many positive integers satisfy(Recall that is the greatest integer not exceeding .)
Problem 25
Let denote the number of ways of writing the positive integer as a product
where , the are integers strictly greater than , and the order in which the factors are listed matters (that is, two representations that differ only in the order of the factors are counted as distinct). For example, the number can be written as , , and , so . What is ?
See also
2020 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by 2020 AMC 10A Problems |
Followed by 2021 AMC 10A Problems | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.