Difference between revisions of "2020 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 12"

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==Solution==
 
==Solution==
  
<cmath>\dfrac{1}{20^{20}}=\dfrac{1}{2^{40}\cdot5^{20}}=\dfrac{1}{10^{20}\cdot2^{20}}</cmath>
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<cmath>\dfrac{1}{20^{20}}=\dfrac{1}{(2\cdot10)^20}=\dfrac{1}{10^{20}\cdot2^{20}}</cmath>
  
 
Now we do some estimation. Notice that <math>2^{20}=1024^2</math>, which means that <math>2^{20}</math> is a little more than <math>1000^2=1,000,000</math>. Multiplying it with <math>10^{20}</math>, we get that the denominator is about <math>1\underbrace{00\dots0}_{26 \text{ zeros}}</math>. Notice that when we divide <math>1</math> by an <math>n</math> digit number, there are <math>n-1</math> zeros before the first nonzero digit. This means that when we divide <math>1</math> by the <math>27</math> digit integer <math>1\underbrace{00\dots0}_{26 \text{ zeros}}</math>, there are <math>\boxed{\textbf{(D) } \text{26}}</math> zeros in the initial string after the decimal point. -PCChess
 
Now we do some estimation. Notice that <math>2^{20}=1024^2</math>, which means that <math>2^{20}</math> is a little more than <math>1000^2=1,000,000</math>. Multiplying it with <math>10^{20}</math>, we get that the denominator is about <math>1\underbrace{00\dots0}_{26 \text{ zeros}}</math>. Notice that when we divide <math>1</math> by an <math>n</math> digit number, there are <math>n-1</math> zeros before the first nonzero digit. This means that when we divide <math>1</math> by the <math>27</math> digit integer <math>1\underbrace{00\dots0}_{26 \text{ zeros}}</math>, there are <math>\boxed{\textbf{(D) } \text{26}}</math> zeros in the initial string after the decimal point. -PCChess
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==See Also==
 
==See Also==
  
 
{{AMC10 box|year=2020|ab=B|num-b=11|num-a=13}}
 
{{AMC10 box|year=2020|ab=B|num-b=11|num-a=13}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 18:11, 7 February 2020

Problem

The decimal representation of\[\dfrac{1}{20^{20}}\]consists of a string of zeros after the decimal point, followed by a $9$ and then several more digits. How many zeros are in that initial string of zeros after the decimal point?

$\textbf{(A)} \text{ 23} \qquad \textbf{(B)} \text{ 24} \qquad \textbf{(C)} \text{ 25} \qquad \textbf{(D)} \text{ 26} \qquad \textbf{(E)} \text{ 27}$

Solution

\[\dfrac{1}{20^{20}}=\dfrac{1}{(2\cdot10)^20}=\dfrac{1}{10^{20}\cdot2^{20}}\]

Now we do some estimation. Notice that $2^{20}=1024^2$, which means that $2^{20}$ is a little more than $1000^2=1,000,000$. Multiplying it with $10^{20}$, we get that the denominator is about $1\underbrace{00\dots0}_{26 \text{ zeros}}$. Notice that when we divide $1$ by an $n$ digit number, there are $n-1$ zeros before the first nonzero digit. This means that when we divide $1$ by the $27$ digit integer $1\underbrace{00\dots0}_{26 \text{ zeros}}$, there are $\boxed{\textbf{(D) } \text{26}}$ zeros in the initial string after the decimal point. -PCChess

See Also

2020 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 11
Followed by
Problem 13
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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