# 2020 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 14

## Problem

There are $20$ cities in the County of Newton. Their populations are shown in the bar chart below. The average population of all the cities is indicated by the horizontal dashed line. Which of the following is closest to the total population of all $20$ cities?

$[asy] size(300); pen shortdashed=linetype(new real[] {6,6}); // axis draw((0,0)--(0,9300), linewidth(1.25)); draw((0,0)--(11550,0), linewidth(1.25)); for (int i = 2000; i < 9000; i = i + 2000) { draw((0,i)--(11550,i), linewidth(0.5)+1.5*grey); label(string(i), (0,i), W); } for (int i = 500; i < 9300; i=i+500) { draw((0,i)--(150,i),linewidth(1.25)); if (i % 2000 == 0) { draw((0,i)--(250,i),linewidth(1.25)); } } int[] data = {8750, 3800, 5000, 2900, 6400, 7500, 4100, 1400, 2600, 1470, 2600, 7100, 4070, 7500, 7000, 8100, 1900, 1600, 5850, 5750}; int data_length = 20; int r = 550; for (int i = 0; i < data_length; ++i) { fill(((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+2)*r-100, data[i])--((i+2)*r-100,0)--cycle, 1.5*grey); draw(((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+2)*r-100, data[i])--((i+2)*r-100,0)); } draw((0,4750)--(11450,4750),shortdashed); label("Cities", (11450*0.5,0), S); label(rotate(90)*"Population", (0,9000*0.5), 10*W); [/asy]$

$\textbf{(A) }65{,}000 \qquad \textbf{(B) }75{,}000 \qquad \textbf{(C) }85{,}000 \qquad \textbf{(D) }95{,}000 \qquad \textbf{(E) }105{,}000$

## Solution 1

We can see that the dotted line is halfway between $4{,}500$ and $5{,}000$, so is at $4{,}750$. As this is the average population of all $20$ cities, the total population is simply $4{,}750 \cdot 20 = \boxed{\textbf{(D) }95{,}000}$.

We can see that between 4000 and 6000 There are three number ticks. This means that the number is slightly below 5000, or it is 4750. To find the opposite of an average, you do the opposite algorithm. We multiply 4750 by 20 and we get 10500 so the answer is E

## Solution 2 (estimation)

The dashed line, which represents the average population of each city, is slightly below $5{,}000$. Since there are $20$ cities, the answer is slightly less than $20\cdot 5{,}000 \approx 100{,}000$